The Chola Dynasty: 350 BC to 1279 AD

  • Sangaralingam Ramesh


The earliest written indication of the states of southern India was by the King of Kalinga in the second century BC, in the form of inscriptions celebrating a victory in a battle against a Tamil confederacy in 155 BC. Kautilya, advisor to Chandragupta, the first Mauryan Emperor noted—in the classical work, the Arthashastra—in the fourth century BC that the southern land route was easily travelled. These facts would suggest that the first Tamil kingdoms were established around the fourth century BC. The roots of the Chola dynasty lie in 850 AD, when the Chola chieftain Vijayalaya captured the city of Tanjavur with the approval of the Pallava dynasty from the Muttaraiyars. Furthermore, the Velirs of Kodumbalur provided military assistance to Vijayalaya.


Tamil kingdoms Chola dynasty Arthashastra King of Kalinga 


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sangaralingam Ramesh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department for Continuing EducationUniversity of Oxford, Rewley HouseOxfordUK

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