Advertisement

e-Democracy pp 61-92 | Cite as

e-Inclusion & e-Empowerment

  • Alfredo M. Ronchi
Chapter

Abstract

Recalling the well-known motto “no one is left behind” in enjoying the benefits of ICT, e-Inclusion focuses on participation of all individuals and communities in all aspects of the information society no matter their country, gender, age, wealth or, accordingly to another OECD definition, again limited to the digital divide: “… the gap between individuals, households, businesses and geographic areas at different socio-economic levels with regard to both their opportunities to access information and communication technologies (ICTs) and their use of the Internet for a wide variety of activities.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Amichai-Hamburger Y, McKenna KYA, Tal S-A (2008) E-empowerment: empowerment by the Internet. Comput Hum Behav 24:1776–1789.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2008.02.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Borgida E, Stark EN (2004) New media and politics – some insights from social and political psychology. Am Behav Sci 48(4):467–478.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764204270282 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kraut R, Kiesler S et al (2002) Internet paradox revisited. J Soc Iss 58(1):49–74.  https://doi.org/10.1111/1540-4560.00248 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    OECD (2001) Understanding the digital divide. OECD Publications. http://www.oecd.org/internet/ieconomy/1888451.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfredo M. Ronchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Politecnico di MilanoMilanoItaly

Personalised recommendations