Advertisement

Nanoparticle-Stabilized CO2 Foam Flooding

  • Feng Guo
  • Saman A. AryanaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

The efficacy of several nanoparticles [silica (Si), nanoclays, fly ash and iron oxide (IO)] in stabilizing CO2 foam is studied via flow experiments in a microfluidic device. The resulting foam is characterized using modified bulk foam tests. Size and uniformity of nanoparticle (NP) dispersions are quantified using dynamic light scattering. Results indicate that the size distribution and surface charge of the particles are influential parameters on the stability and formability of the foam, which in turn have a direct relationship with oil recovery performance. Si, nanoclays and fly ash NPs assisted by surfactant mixtures generate stable foams and result in high ultimate oil recoveries (over 90%). Even though IO-surfactant mixtures generate foams with relatively inferior stability characteristics and ultimate recovery, approximately three quarters of the IO NPs are recovered once exposed to a magnetic field. Unlike nanoclays and fly ash, the use of Si and IO NPs as foam stabilizers results in significant improvements in recovery at much smaller pore-volumes injected (~10 PVIs).

Keywords

Nanoparticles CO2 foam Microfluidic device EOR 

References

  1. 1.
    Kalyanaraman, N., Arnold, C., Gupta, A., Tsau, J.S., Ghahfarokhi, R.B.: Stability improvement of CO2 foam for enhanced oil-recovery applications using polyelectrolytes and polyelectrolyte complex nanoparticles. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 134(6) (2017)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Worthen, A.J., Bagaria, H.G., Chen, Y., Bryant, S.L., Huh, C., Johnston, K.P.: Nanoparticle-stabilized carbon dioxide-in-water foams with fine texture. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 391, 142–151 (2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kim, I., Worthen, A.J., Johnston, K.P., DiCarlo, D.A., Huh, C.: Size-dependent properties of silica nanoparticles for Pickering stabilization of emulsions and foams. J. Nanopart. Res. 18(4) (2016)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Guo, H., Zitha, P.L.J., Faber, R., Buijse, M.: A novel alkaline/surfactant/foam enhanced oil recovery process. SPE J. 17(04), 1186–1195 (2012)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yekeen, N., Manan, M.A., Idris, A.K., Padmanabhan, E., Junin, R., Samin, A.M.: A comprehensive review of experimental studies of nanoparticles-stabilized foam for enhanced oil recovery. J. Petrol. Sci. Eng. 164, 43–74 (2018)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hua, X., Michael, A., Bevan, A.M., Frechette, J.: Competitive adsorption between nanoparticles and surface active ions for the oil-water interface. Langmuir 34(16), 4830–4842 (2018)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yousef, Z.A., Almobarky, M.A., Schechter, D.S.: The effect of nanoparticle aggregation on surfactant foam stability. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 511, 365–373 (2018)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Guo, F., He, J., Johnson, P.A., Aryana, S.A.: Stabilization of CO2 foam using by-product fly ash and recyclable iron oxide nanoparticles to improve carbon utilization in EOR processes. Sustain. Energy Fuels 1, 814–822 (2017)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Guo, F., Aryana, S.A.: An experimental investigation of nanoparticle-stabilized CO2 foam used in enhanced oil recovery. Fuel 186, 430–442 (2016)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hirasaki, G.J., Lawson, J.B.: Mechanisms of foam flow in porous media: apparent viscosity in smooth capillaries. Soc. Petrol. Eng. J. 25(02), 176–190 (1985)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hunter, T.N., Pugh, R.J., Franks, G.V., Jameson, G.J.: The role of particles in stabilizing foams and emulsions. Adv. Coll. Interface. Sci. 137, 57–81 (2008)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Shaw, D.: Introduction to Colloid and Surface Chemistry, 4th edn. Butterworth-Heinemann (1992)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Denkov, D.A., Lvanov, B.I., Kralchevsky, A., Wasan, T.D.: A possible mechanism of stabilization of emulsions by solid particles. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 150, 589–593 (1992)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kaptay, G.: Interfacial criteria for stabilization of liquid foams by solid particles. Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 230(1–3), 67–80 (2004)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Singh, R., Mohanty, K.K.: Synergy between nanoparticles and surfactants in stabilizing foams for oil recovery. Energy Fuels 29(2), 467–479 (2015)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Worthen, A.J., Foster, L.M., Dong, J., Bollinger, J.A., Peterman, A.H., Pastora, L.E.: Synergistic formation and stabilization of oil-in-water emulsions by a weakly interacting mixture of zwitterionic surfactant and silica nanoparticles. Langmuir 30(4), 984–994 (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of WyomingLaramieUSA

Personalised recommendations