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Characterization and Origin of Some North-Eastern Algeria Thermal Waters

  • Yasmina Bouroubi-OuadfelEmail author
  • Abdelkader Khiari
  • Corinne Le Gal La Salle
  • Mounira Djebbar
  • Mahmoud Khaska
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

Northeastern Algeria has been known, since ancient times, by the presence of thermo-mineral springs emerging from different geological formations, especially in the vicinity of the Tunisian borderline. These hot waters circulate along the fractured system and the main thermal spring emerges from a Neogene graben. Each of the four inventoried hot springs has at least three griffins. These thermal waters are found to be saline and carbo-gaseous. The geochemical facies are of the Cl–HCO3–Na type. Stable isotopes contents (δ2H, δ18O) showed that the waters are of meteoric origin. Strontium isotopic ratios 87Sr/86Sr indicated the presence of a mixture of thermal fluids with infiltrated meteoric waters at shallow depths as well as strong water-rock interactions. The combined use of geochemical and isotopic tracers highlights the existence of a hydrothermal alteration and a saline fluid circulation.

Keywords

North-Eastern Algeria Graben Thermal waters Strontium isotopic ratios Saline fluid circulation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasmina Bouroubi-Ouadfel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abdelkader Khiari
    • 1
  • Corinne Le Gal La Salle
    • 2
  • Mounira Djebbar
    • 3
  • Mahmoud Khaska
    • 2
  1. 1.Larbi Ben M’hidi UniversityOum El BouaghiAlgeria
  2. 2.GIS LaboratoryNîmes UniversityCedexFrance
  3. 3.Mentouri UniversityConstantineAlgeria

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