Advertisement

Assessment of Turkey-Harran Basin’s Groundwater Potential and Hydrogeological Properties

  • Veysel Aslan
  • Recep CelikEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

The Harran Plain is located in the region of Upper Mesopotamia where agricultural activities have been carried out for 4000 years. This region has a very fertile soil for agricultural activities. Its agricultural and socioeconomic values have increased since this area was subjected to irrigated agriculture within the scope of Southeastern Anatolian İrrigation Project. Hence, the determination of the hydrogeological properties and alternative groundwater potential of this basin is vital for sustainability. For this study, hydrogeological data belonging to Sanliurfa-Harran plain and general information about natural water resources were used. Using the DEM data of Sanliurfa province, river basins and geomorphological surfaces were formed. Hydrogeological and geomorphological thematic maps were produced. With the help of thematic maps showing the geomorphological structure, the groundwater potential of Harran Basin was revealed. Besides, groundwater layer levels and aquifer layer thicknesses of the basin have been determined.

Keywords

Harran basin Water resources Groundwater GIS Hydrogeology 

References

  1. 1.
    Delgado, C., Pacheco, J., Cabrera, A., Batllori, E., Orellana, R., Bautista, F.: Quality of groundwaters for irrigation in tropical karst environment: The case of Yucatan, Mexico.AgriculturalWater Manag 97, 1423–1433 (2010)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kanber, R., Çullu, M. A., Kendirli, B., Antepli, S., & Yılmaz, N.: Sulama, drenaj ve tuzluluk. Türkiye Ziraat Mühendisliği VI. Teknik Kongresi, 3–7 (2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    ÇELİK, R., ASLAN, V., & Akyıldız, M.H.: Harran Ovası’nın Yeraltısuyu Potansiyelinin Coğrafi Bilgi Sistemi İle Modellenmesi (2017)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bilgili, A. V., Çullu, M. A., Aydemir, S., Aydemir, A., & Almaca, A.: Probability mapping of saline and sodic soils in the Harran plain using a non-linear kriging technique. Eurasian Journal Of Soil Science (EJSS), 2(2), 76–81 (2013)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bilgiç, C., Bahçeci, İ.: Harran Ovası Serbest Akışlı Drenaj Sistemlerinde Bazı Bitki Besin Elementleri İle Sediment Yükünün Belirlenmesi. Harran Tarim Ve Gida Bilimleri Dergisi 18(4), 1–9 (2014)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Aktaş, Y., Öcal Kara, F.: Şanlıurfa Harran Ovası Sulama Projesi’nde Aşırı Sulamanın Sosyo-Ekonomik Nedenleri. Küresel Iklim Değişimi ve Su Sorunları Çözümünde Ormanlar Semp. Ü. Akkemik (Editör), Istanbul S, 223–228 (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kirnak, H., DOĞAN, E., Demir, S., Yalçin, S.: Determination of hydraulic performance of trickle irrigation emitters used in irrigation systems in the Harran Plain. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 28(4), 223–230 (2004)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yesilnacar, M.I., Sahinkaya, E., Naz, M., Ozkaya, B.: Neural network prediction of nitrate in groundwater of Harran Plain. Turkey. Environmental Geology 56(1), 19–25 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yesilnacar, M.I., Gulluoglu, M.S.: Hydrochemical characteristics and the effects of irrigation on groundwater quality in Harran Plain, GAP Project. Turkey. Environmental Geology 54(1), 183–196 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    DSİ (Devlet Su İşleri): “Harran Ovası Hidrojeolojik Etüdü”, pp. 49, DSI printing office, Ankara (1972)Google Scholar
  11. 11.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Harran University, Hilvan Vocational High School, Dep. of Const. TechS.UrfaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringDicle UniversityDiyarbakırTurkey

Personalised recommendations