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Innovation in Process Engineering for Hydrology

  • Enrico DrioliEmail author
  • Francesca Macedonio
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

Currently, water demands throughout the world exceed the ability of Earth’s natural hydrologic cycles to replenish adequate fresh supplies of this resource. Water must, therefore, be recycled and reused many times over the course of each period between its extraction from, and return to, those cycles. Some governments have already issued large-scale programs to recover and reuse treated municipal waste waters, rehabilitate saline and contaminated wells, desalinate brackish- and sea-water sources. In the last years, membrane operations have been assigned a key role in water reclamation schemes that are aimed at higher water quality reuse applications. In the present work, membrane operations in the field of water treatment are discussed.

Keywords

Membrane operations Water stress Valuable resource recovery 

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute on Membrane TechnologyITM-CNR, c/o University of CalabriaRendeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Environmental and Chemical EngineeringUniversity of CalabriaRendeItaly
  3. 3.WCU Energy Engineering DepartmentHanyang UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  4. 4.Center of Excellence in Desalination TechnologyKing Abdulaziz University (KAU–CEDT)JeddahKingdom of Saudi Arabia

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