• Majid Labbaf Khaneiki


Water territorial cooperation can result in social capital, and in turn social and economic capacities of water territorial cooperation pave the way for sustainable development. Feeble territorial identity caused by qanat mechanism can facilitate cooperative connections in order to jointly utilize different vital resources scattered on both sides of a territorial border. In fact water territorial cooperation helps raise social capital which is a crucial prerequisite for sustainable development.

This chapter sums up the arguments described in the last chapters, leading to the introduction of two cooperation models named as “livelihood differentiation” and “common benefit”. Livelihood differentiation pertains to the geographical differences that give rise to the formation of different economic structures within an environmental-social nexus. The different economic structures exhibit different water demands which remain in harmony with the environmental capacities. However, the model of common benefit has been abstracted from the story of Hasan Abad qanat where several territories with similar economic structure could have developed a cooperative water management system that ensures sustainable water equality.


Common benefit Livelihood differentiation Sustainability Resilience Adaptation 


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Majid Labbaf Khaneiki
    • 1
  1. 1.Hydraulic Structures, UNESCO Category IIInternational Center on Qanats and Historic Hydraulic Structures, UNESCO Category IIYazdIran

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