Wetland Ecological Restoration Using Near-Natural Method
Wetland restoration efforts are increasing due to loss and degradation of many natural wetlands. Eco-cities’ harmony with nature is considered an essential goal for sustainable development worldwide. Among different methods for wetland restoration, the ‘near-natural’ method of ecological restoration has been widely proven to be an effective and practical method for eco-city construction. The development history of the near-natural method is here reviewed, and the nature and properties of the near-natural method are summarized. The differences between the near-natural method and constructed wetland method are analysed, while the phenomena and origin of pseudo-ecological engineering are presented. Finally, Zhushanhu wetland ecological restoration is used as an example to illustrate the design process of the near-natural method, and the ecological restoration results have shown that this method is more effective, sustainable and longer lasting than other methods and thus a practical prospect.
KeywordsNear-natural Ecological restoration Wetland Buffer zone of lake Pseudo-ecological engineering
This research was supported by the National Water Pollution Control and Management Technology Major Projects of China (2010ZX07101-009).
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