Urban Stormwater Management and Sponge City Concept in China

  • Wu Che
  • Wei ZhangEmail author
Part of the Future City book series (FUCI, volume 12)


To mitigate the negative impacts of urban stormwater problems related to rapid urbanization in China, a new term “sponge city” was proposed, with related practices and implementation approaches examined in depth. The components and main goals of the sponge city concept and stormwater management criteria were introduced, while the relationship and difference between sponge cities in China and urban stormwater management systems in developed countries were compared and analyzed. Moreover, the policy and regulations that have been released were summarized, and recommendations for the future of sponge city development were provided.


Low-impact development Stormwater management Sponge city China 



This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51608026), Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Future Urban Design Projects (No. UDC2016040100), and Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture Foundation (No. 00331616049). The authors acknowledge the research team members for their enthusiastic support.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Engineering Research Center of Sustainable Urban Sewage System Construction and Risk ControlBeijing University of Civil Engineering and ArchitectureBeijingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Urban Stormwater System and Water Environment, Ministry of EducationBeijing University of Civil Engineering and ArchitectureBeijingChina
  3. 3.Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Future Urban DesignBeijingChina

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