Advertisement

Mediterranean Sea Level and Bathymetry of the Deep Basins During the Salt Giant Deposition: Inference from Seismic and Litho-Facies

  • C. Gorini
  • L. Montadert
  • B. Haq
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

The partial sequestration of the Mediterranean Sea from adjacent oceans at the end of the Miocene caused an evaporation surfeit that increased the evaporite concentration on the seafloor and peripheral basins. As a result, an up to 2-3 km thick sequence of evaporites were deposited in the center of the deep basins. This coincided with the concomitantly intense subaerial erosion of the adjacent margins. The Messinian salinity crisis (MSC) ended with the catastrophic re-flooding of the Mediterranean. During the Zanclean, slopes and shelves prograded to reach the modern configurations. Neither the widespread erosion nor the regional extent of the very thick halite beds are compatible with a totally desiccated basin. The volume of evaporites deposited in the deep basin also implies a permanent or intermittent connection with the world oceans.

Keywords

Messinian salinity crisis Deep mediterranean basins Seismic stratigraphy Paleoshores 

Bibliography

  1. 1.
    Feng, Y.E., Ynkelzon, A., Steingberg, J., Reshef, M.: Lithology and characteristics of the Messinian evaporite sequence of the deep Levant Basin, eastern Mediterranean. Mar. Geol. 376, 118–131 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Garcia-Castellanos, D., Estrada, F., Jiménez-M, I., Gorini, C., et al.: Catastrophic flood of the Mediterranean after the Messinian crisis. Nature 462, 778–781 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gorini, C., Montadert, L., Rabineau, M.: New imaging of the salinity crisis: dual Messinian low stand mega sequences recorded in the deep basin of both the eastern and western Mediterranean. Mar. Pet. Geol. (2015).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2015.01.009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Leroux, E., Rabineau, M., Aslanian, D., Granjeon, D., Droz, L., Gorini, C.: Strati-graphic simulations of the shelf of the Gulf of Lions: testing subsidence rates and sea-level curves during the Pliocene and Quaternary. Terra Nova 26(3), 230–238 (2014).  https://doi.org/10.1111/ter.12091 (insu-00948717)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lofi, J., Gorini, C., Berné, S., Clauzon, G., Reis, A.T., Ryan, W.B.F., Steckler, M.S.: Erosional processes and paleo-environmental changes in the Western Gulf of Lions (SW France) during the Messinian salinity crisis. Mar. Geol. 217(1–2), 1–30 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Papadimitriou, N., Gorini, C., Nader, F.H., Deschamps, R., Symeoub, V., Lecomte, J.C.: Tectono-stratigraphic evolution of the western margin of the Levant Basin (offshore Cyprus) (2017)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Urgeles, R., Camerlenghi, A., Garcia-Castellanos, D., De Mol, B., Garcés, M., Vergés, J., Haslam, I., Hardman, M.: New constraints on the Messinian sealevel drawdown from 3D seismic data of the Ebro Margin, western Mediterranean. Bas. Res. 23, 123–145 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rabineau, M., Leroux, E., Aslanian, D., Bache, F., Gorini, C., Moulin, M., Molliex, S., Droz, L., dos Reis, A. T., Rubino, J. L., Guillocheau, F., Olivet, J. L.: Quantifying subsidence and isostatic readjustment using sedimentary paleomarkers, example from the Gulf of Lion. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 388, 353–366 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bache, F., Popescu, S. M., Rabineau, M., Gorini, C., Suc, J. P., Clauzon, G., Olivet, J. L., Rubino, J. L., Melinte-Dobrinescu, M. C., Estrada, F., Londeix, L., Armijo, R., Meyer, B., Jolivet, L., Jouannic, G., Leroux, E., Aslanian, D., Reis, A. T. D., Mocochain, L., Dumurdžanov, N., Zagorchev, I., Lesić, V., Tomić, D., Namık Çağatay, M., Brun, J. P., Sokoutis, D., Csato, I., Ucarkus, G., Çakır, Z.: A two-step process for the reflooding of the Mediterranean after the Messinian Salinity Crisis. Basin Res. 24(2), 125–153 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut des Sciences de la Terre ParisSorbonne Université, CNRS-INSU, ISTeP UMRParisFrance
  2. 2.Beicip-FranlabRueil-Malmaison CedexFrance

Personalised recommendations