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Quaternary Fluviatile Terraces of the Oued El Gourzi (Batna, NE Algeria): Sedimentology and Characteristics of the Depositional Environment

  • Fouad DjaizEmail author
  • Nabil Defaflia
  • Bachir Lamouri
  • Abdallah Boushaba
  • Imen Chairat
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

Field observations and sedimentological analyses of alluvial terraces of the O. Gourzi (Batna, NE Algeria) lead us to consider sediments as dominated by clayey and silty-sandy fractions overlain by gravel and calcareous coarser fractions. Moderate CaO3 contents would have resulted from the dissolution of the nearby carbonate relieves. They are mainly composed of Maastrichtian limestones. The distribution of the mineral fraction led us to identify 07 levels including horizons of coarse fractions alternating with layers rich in sand and silt with a roughly constant clay fraction through the stratigraphic column. Kurtosis values, frequency histograms of a prokurtic type, rarily mesokurtic, mark a constant power mode for the transport agent. Classification indices indicate poorly- to moderately sorted material, indicating a turbiditic depositional environment. Quartz grain nature and morphoscopy refer to Miocene sandstones as a potential origin. The ferruginous coating is due to the initiating pedogenesis.

Keywords

Stream terraces Physical parameters Sedimentology Batna area NE Algeria 

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fouad Djaiz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nabil Defaflia
    • 2
  • Bachir Lamouri
    • 3
  • Abdallah Boushaba
    • 4
  • Imen Chairat
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Mobilization and Management of Resources Water, Institute of Earth and Universe SciencesUniversity of Batna 2FesdisAlgeria
  2. 2.Laboratory of Sedimentary Environments, Mineral and Water Resources of Eastern Algeria, Faculty of Exact Sciences and Sciences of Nature and LifeUniversity of TebessaTebessaAlgeria
  3. 3.Geodynamic Laboratory and Natural Resources, University of BiskraBiskraAlgeria
  4. 4.Laboratory of Systems Integration and Advanced TechnologiesUniversity of Dhar El Mehrez FezFesMorocco

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