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Middle Miocene Giraffokeryx (Giraffidae) with Marks of Enamel Hypoplasia from Dhok Bun Amir Khatoon, Punjab, Pakistan

  • Muhammad Akbar KhanEmail author
  • Muhammad Asim
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

Giraffokeryx punjabiensis are ascribed from Dhok Bun Amir Khatoon (DBAK), district Chakwal, Punjab, Pakistan. The newly recovered material includes two maxillary fragments: three mandibular rami and seven isolated teeth. The preserved specimens enhance the knowledge about G. punjabiensis. It can be used as a reference material in the future. Some specimens show a clear sign of the enamel hypoplasia as a nutritional and ecological stress indicator for the middle Miocene giraffids of Dhok Bun Amir Khatoon. The existence of G. punjabiensis along with Dorcatherium and suid suggests the presence of wet meadows, floodplain and open woodland at the time of the middle Miocene deposition in Dhok Bun Amir Khatoon, Lower Siwalik Subgroup.

Keywords

Giraffidae Ruminantia Siwaliks Palaeontology Taxonomy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dr. Abu Bakr Fossil Display & Research Centre, Department of ZoologyUniversity of the PunjabLahorePakistan

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