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A GIS-Based Spatially Distributed Crop Water Demand Modelling for Pullambadi Canal Command Area in Lower Cauvery Basin, Tamil Nadu, India

  • Saravanan Subbarayan Email author
  • Jacinth Jennifer J. 
  • Abijith D. 
  • Singh Leelambar 
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

The assessment of irrigation demand is an important component for an effective water management in the canal command area. The rapid increase in the water scarcity on recent years have been a boon to the farmers who require water for irrigation purposes. Effective water management technique is the utmost required system to schedule the water for irrigation purposes so as to overcome the issues due to water scarcity. But there exist serious issues related to the water management system; they include the availability of real time information on the agricultural land in the command area of the canal, its area, the crop variety and the water demand for each crop. These data cannot be availed that easily as many irrigation schemes are vast and cover about hundreds and sometimes thousands of square miles and have vast numbers of farms; their scale severely limits the effectiveness of the data collection. The present study focused on assessment of the irrigation and agriculture potential for Pullambadi Irrigation project using Geospatial Techniques. The daily weather parameters, the land use/land cover of the region were collected as they serve to be the primary requirements. The study incorporated the data availed from satellite imageries and other possible sources and the water requirement for the years 2015 and 2016 were computed. As per the obtained results, the canal command area required 1069.96 and 965.1 Mm3 for the years 2015 and 2016, respectively.

Keywords

Crop water requirement Evapotranspiration Irrigation Remote sensing and geographic information system 

References

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    PMP Atlas for Cauvery and other East Flowing river basins, Final Report, Central Water commission and Indian Meteorological Department (2015)Google Scholar
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    Sachan, S., Chandola, V.K., Lohani, A.K.: Probability analysis of rainfall and crop water requirement using CROPWAT model for crop planning in a canal command of upper Bhima Basin of Maharashtra. Int. J. Agric. Environ. Biotechnol. 9(1), 123–135 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Sadeghi, S.H., Zabihi, M., Vafakhah, M., Hazbavi, Z.: Spatiotemporal mapping of rainfall erosivity index for different return periods in Iran. Nat. Hazards 87, 35–56 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saravanan Subbarayan 
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jacinth Jennifer J. 
    • 1
  • Abijith D. 
    • 1
  • Singh Leelambar 
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of TechnologyTiruchirappalliIndia

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