Advertisement

Delineation of Groundwater Potential Zones for Hard Rock Region in Karnataka Using AHP and GIS

  • Mohit Aggarwal
  • Subbarayan SaravananEmail author
  • J. Jacinth Jennifer
  • D. Abijith
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

The satellite based technology adopting the efficacy of Geographical Information System (GIS) plays a dynamic role in groundwater exploration, assessment and management. The current study investigated the demarcation of groundwater potential zones by integrating RS, GIS and Multi-Criteria Analysis for the hard rock terrain of Gundihalla watershed which lies in Bellary district of Karnataka, India. The thematic layers incorporated in this research includes the Geomorphology, Soil, Drainage Density, Lineament Density, Rainfall, and Slope. Saaty’s Analytical Hierarchy Process was used to determine the weights and ranks of all the thematic layers and the significant classes within each layer. All the thematic layers were then integrated to create the groundwater potential zonation map for the study area. The resulting map was categorized into five different groundwater potential zones, viz., ‘very good,’ ‘good,’ ‘moderate,’ ‘poor’ and ‘very poor.’ The area coverage of these zones in the study region are: 263 km2 (18.76%), 332.3 km2 (23.7%), 327 km2 (23.3%), 238 km2 (17%) and 229 km2 (16.3%) respectively.

Keywords

Groundwater potential zone AHP Hard rock basin GIS Remote sensing 

References

  1. 1.
    Agarwal, R., Garg, P.K.: Remote sensing and GIS-based groundwater potential & recharge zones mapping using multi-criteria decision-making technique. Water Resour. Manage 30(1), 243–260 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pinto, D., Shrestha, S., Babel, M.S., Ninsawat, S.: Delineation of groundwater potential zones in the Comoro watershed, Timor Leste using GIS, remote sensing, and analytic hierarchy process (AHP) technique. Appl. Water Sci. 7(1), 503–519 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Saaty, T.L.: The analytic hierarchy process. McGraw-Hill, New York (1980)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sahoo, S., Dhar, A., Kar, A.: Ram P: Grey analytic hierarchy process applied to effectiveness evaluation for groundwater potential zone delineation. Geocarto Int. 32(11), 1188–1205 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Koch, M., Mather, P.M.: Lineament mapping for groundwater resource assessment: a comparison of digital Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery and stereoscopic Large Format Camera (LFC) photographs in the Red Sea Hills, Sudan. Int. J. Remote Sens. 18(7), 1465–1482 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohit Aggarwal
    • 1
  • Subbarayan Saravanan
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. Jacinth Jennifer
    • 1
  • D. Abijith
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of TechnologyTiruchirappalliIndia

Personalised recommendations