Advertisement

Effects of Land Use on the Chemical Characterization of Imo River Basin and Its Catchments (Nigeria): A GIS Approach

  • Chukwudi Nwaogu
  • Olutoyin Fashae
  • Onyedikachi J. Okeke
  • Vilém Pechanec
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

Water sources have been severely contaminated by heavy metals (HM) in Imo river basin due to different land uses including industrialization and intensive agriculture. Six land use types were identified using GIS and water samples were collected from both surface and underground water sources to test the HM concentrations in different land uses. Geostatistical tools such as interpolation (Kriging) and regressions were used to determine the extent of chemical concentrations, and their relationships with the land use types. Higher concentrations of the heavy metals (NO3, Cr, and Pb) were observed in the center (middle stream watershed) around the urban built and grassland areas. Downstream watershed (wetlands areas) had low concentrations of the HM except Fe. The water quality in the built-up industrial areas were found to be of poor quality relative to other parts in the study area. The findings of this work will support the Federal Ministries of Water resources, Agriculture, Environment in sustainable decision making towards reducing pollutants and restoring the river basin and its catchments.

Keywords

Heavy metals GIS Land use Water pollution Nigeria 

References

  1. 1.
    Berhanu, B., Seleshi, Y., Melesse, A.M.: Surface Water and Groundwater Resources of Ethiopia: potentials and Challenges of Water Resources Development, pp. 97–117. Springer, Netherlands (2014)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Martin, S.L., Hayes, D.B., Kendall, A.D., Hyndman, D.W.: The land-use legacy effect: towards a mechanistic understanding of time-lagged water quality responses to land use/cover. Sci. Tot. Environ. 579, 1794–1803 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Eniolorunda, N.B., Mashi, S.A., Nsofor, G.N.: Toward achieving a sustainable management: characterization of land use/land cover in Sokoto Rima floodplain, Nigeria. Environ Dev. Sustain. 19, 1855–1878 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Adiat, K.A.N., Nawawi, M.N.M., Abdullah, K.: Assessing the accuracy of GIS-based elementary multi criteria decision analysis as a spatial prediction tool—a case of predicting potential zones of sustainable groundwater resources. J Hydrolog. 440, 75–89 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hua K.A.: Land use land cover changes in detection of water quality: a study based on remote sensing and multivariate statistics. J. Environ. Public Health. Article ID 7515130 (2017)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    WFD (Water Framework Directive): Establishing a framework for community action in the field of water policy. Directive 2008/105/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council. In: E. Comission (ed.) Directive 2008/105/EC, Brussels. Brussels, EU (2008)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    CSIRO: Water availability in the Namoi. A Report to the Australian Government from the CSIRO Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Yields Project, p. 154. CSIRO, Australia (2007)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sangani, M.H., Amiri, B.J., Shabani, A., Sakieh, Y., Ashrafi, S.: Modeling relationships between catchment attributes and river water quality in southern catchments of the Caspian Sea. Environ. Sci. Poll. Res. 22, 4985–5002 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Adeniji, A.E., Omonona, O.V., Obiora, D.N. Chukudebe, U.: Evaluation of soil corrosivity and aquifer protective capacity using geoelectrical investigation in Bwari basement complex area, Abuja. J. Earth Syst. Sci. 123, 491 (2014)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Islam, S.M., Hossain, M.B., Matin, A., Sarker, S.I.: Assessment of heavy metal pollution, distribution and source apportionment in the sediment from Feni River estuary. Bangladesh Chemosphere 202, 25–32 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dimelu, M.U., Danjuma, S.E., Igbokwe, E.M.: Resource use conflict in agrarian communities, management and challenges: a case of farmer-herdsmen conflict in Kogi State, Nigeria. J. Rural Stud. 46, 147–154 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Iwegbue, C.M.A., Lari, B., Osakwe, S.A., Tesi, G.O., Nwajei, E.G., Martincigh, B.S.: Distribution, sources and ecological risks of metals in surficial sediments of the Forcados River and its Estuary, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Environ. Earth Sci. 77, 227 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Su, H., Kang, W., Xu, Y., Wang, J.: Assessing groundwater quality and health risks of nitrogen pollution in the Shenfu mining area of Shaanxi Province, Northwest China. Expo. Health 10(2), 77–97 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sumiahadi, A., Acar, R.: A review of phytoremediation technology: heavy metals uptake by plants. IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci. 142, 012023 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chukwudi Nwaogu
    • 1
  • Olutoyin Fashae
    • 2
  • Onyedikachi J. Okeke
    • 3
  • Vilém Pechanec
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeoinformaticsPalacký University OlomoucOlomoucCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of IbadanIbadanNigeria
  3. 3.Sambus Geospatial LimitedAbujaNigeria

Personalised recommendations