Public Perceptions and Support for Police Militarization
This chapter includes discussion of the trends in PM and research on public perceptions of the practice. Only a small number of studies have measured the public’s attitudes about PM and trends in the practice, which are reviewed in this chapter. Finally, advances in technology that have contributed to PM in the United States are also discussed.
KeywordsPolice militarization Public perceptions Opinion Trends Legitimacy
- Bates, A. (2017). Stingray: A new frontier in police surveillance (Cato institute policy analysis no. 809). Retrieved from https://ssrn.com/abstract=2919472.
- Dansky, K., Bunting, W., Solon, S., & Bohm, A. (2014). War comes home: The excessive militarization of American policing. New York, NY: The American Civil Liberties Union. Retrieved from https://www.aclu.org/sites/default/files/assets/jus14-warcomeshome-report-webrel1.pdf.Google Scholar
- Fox, B., Moule, Jr., R. K., & Parry, M. (2018). Categorically complex: A latent class analysis of public perceptions of police militarization. Journal of Criminal Justice, 58, 33–46.Google Scholar
- Gettinger, D. (2017). Drones at home: Public safety drones. Center for the Study of the Drone at Bard College. Retrieved from http://dronecenter.bard.edu/files/2017/04/CSD-Public-Safety-Drones-Web.pdf.
- Hall, A., & Coyne, C. (2013, Spring). The militarization of U.S. domestic policing. The Independent Review, 17(4), 485–504. Retrieved from http://www.independent.org/pdf/tir/tir_17_04_01_hall.pdf.
- Hill, S., & Beger, R. (2009). A paramilitary policing juggernaut. Social Justice, 36(1), 25–40.Google Scholar
- Koslicki, W., & Willits, D. (2018). Finding the iron fist in the velvet glove? Testing the militarization/community policing paradox. International Journal of Police Science and Management, 20(2), 143–154.Google Scholar
- Kraska, P. (2001). Militarizing the American criminal justice system: The changing roles of the armed forces and the police. Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press.Google Scholar
- Lum, C., Koper, C. S., Willis, J., Happeny, S., Vovak, H., & Nichols, J. (2016). The rapid diffusion of license plate readers in U.S. law enforcement agencies: A national survey. Fairfax, VA: Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy, George Mason University Retrieved from http://cebcp.org/wp-content/lpr/LPR-National-Survey-Report-2016.pdf.Google Scholar
- Moule, Jr., R. K., Fox, B., & Parry, M. (2018). The long shadow of Ferguson: Legitimacy, legal cynicism, and public perceptions of police militarization. Crime & Delinquency. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011128718770689.
- Page, S. (2014, August 26). Poll: Whites and blacks question police accountability. Retrieved from https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2014/08/25/usa-today-pew-poll-police-tactics-military-equipment/14561633/.
- Piquero, A. R., Fagan, J., Mulvey, E. P., Steinberg, L., & Odgers, C. (2005). Developmental trajectories of legal socialization among serious adolescent offenders. The Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, 96(1), 267.Google Scholar
- Tyler, T. R. (1990). Why people obey the law. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar