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Personal Participation and Trials In Absentia. A Comparative Constitutional Law Perspective

  • Oreste PollicinoEmail author
  • Marco Bassini
Chapter
Part of the Legal Studies in International, European and Comparative Criminal Law book series (LSCL, volume 2)

Abstract

Personal participation in criminal proceedings is subject to a very different consideration among the various legal orders as an inviolable duty of the defendant rather than as a waivable right of the same. Depending on how the latter is framed, states may either permit or ban or subject to some limitations trials in absentia. The purpose of this essay is to provide a comparative overview focusing on the attitude of some legal orders towards trials in absentia in order to determine whether the US and European constitutionalism had an impact on the framing of these principles in the various legal orders. Particularly, it is argued that, in the absence of any black-or-white distinction, the dichotomy between common law and civil law systems would not provide an appropriate perspective to capture the existence of different attitudes between the understanding of personal participation as a duty and as a right.

Keywords

European Convention ECHR case-law Participatory rights In absentia trials CJEU case-law 

Abbreviations

CJEU

Court of Justice of the European Union

ECHR

European Convention on Human Rights

ECtHR

European Court of Human Rights

EU

European Union

ICCPR

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.“Angelo Sraffa” Department of Legal StudiesBocconi UniversityMilanoItaly

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