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Participatory Rights in Comparative Criminal Justice. Similarities and Divergences Within the Framework of the European Law

  • Serena QuattrocoloEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Legal Studies in International, European and Comparative Criminal Law book series (LSCL, volume 2)

Abstract

This chapter is devoted to comparing the results of the national reports on the basis of the Attachment. The comparison aims to cast light on similarities, if existing, and divergences between the different domestic jurisdictions. The comparative process moves from a hypothesis to be assessed: whether it is possible to argue that the ECHR and the EU legislation have shaped a common core of rules, regulating the participatory rights in criminal proceedings regardless the different legal traditions. To respond to this question, the chapter highlights the most relevant differences between the selected member states, with regard to the specific topics that have been addressed by the study, which is based on a multidisciplinary pattern and encompasses also specific EU law-, ECHR-, constitutional law- and criminal law-based analysis of participatory rights.

As the reader has seen in the first part of this Section, each national summary approached the Attachment with a different attitude, based on the individuals’ legal tradition and personal sensitivity. Thus, some remarks are not ‘universal’, but try to highlight, at least, ‘common trends’.

In fact, the identification of ‘common trends’ is the major result of this comparative study. However, a great number of divergences also emerged, demonstrating that, even though the ECtHR case-law and the recent ‘ABC directives’ of the EU had a strong impact on the national orders, some major differences still exist in the inner concept of what in absentia trial is and how it must be regulated, in compliance with fundamental rights. Nevertheless, it stems from this comparison that the values underpinning the parties’ personal contribution to the proceedings are facing a general crisis. In particular, the defendant’s non-participation, for different reasons and in various manners, is a growing phenomenon, now affecting even jurisdictions that have historically emphasized the importance of such personal participation.

Keywords

In absentia trial Criminal proceedings Participatory rights Inaudito reo proceedings Judicial cooperation 

Abbreviations

AFSJ

Area of Freedom Security and Justice

CCP

Code of Criminal Procedure

CJEU

Court of Justice of the European Union

CoE

Council of Europe

Const.

Constitution

CPS

Crown Prosecution Service

EAW

European Arrest Warrant

ECHR

European Convention on Human Rights

ECtHR

European Court of Human Rights

EIO

European Investigation Order

EU

European Union

FD

Framework Decision

ICC

International Criminal Court

ICCPR

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

JHA

Justice and Home Affaires

MLA

Mutual Legal Assistance

MS

Member State of the EU

PACE

Police and Criminal Evidence Act

TFEU

Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union

US

United States of America

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Law, and Political, Economic and Social SciencesUniversity of Piemonte OrientaleAlessandriaItaly

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