This first chapter presents the background for the research, rooted in the most recent developments in in absentia trials in Europe. Moreover, it explains the goals and the method of this comparative investigation, covering 12 legal orders, with several, different approaches to comparison. The comparative-law examination of the national jurisdictions shall pose the basis for further analysis on an interdisciplinary layer, from the viewpoint of constitutional law, civil procedure law, substantive criminal law, international (human rights) law and EU Law.
European arrest warrant
European Convention on Human Rights
European Court of Human Rights