Concluding Remarks: Who Is the Winner of Foreign Banks’ Presence?

  • Małgorzata Iwanicz-Drozdowska
Part of the Studies in Economic Transition book series (SET)


In this final chapter, we outline—against the background of our research—the winners of foreign banks’ presence. We also point out what would be needed to assess the impact even more deeply and comprehensively. However, the data needed for this purpose are not publicly available for the entire period of our analysis. Therefore, we are aware of the limitations of our study, but as John Maynard Keynes put it, “It is better to be roughly right than precisely wrong.”


Domestic-owned bank Economic growth Foreign-owned bank Home country Host country 


  1. Sassi S, Gasmi A (2014) The effect of enterprise and household credit on economic growth: new evidence from European union countries. J Macroecon 39(A):226–231. Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Małgorzata Iwanicz-Drozdowska
    • 1
  1. 1.SGH Warsaw School of EconomicsWarsawPoland

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