Designing for Collaboration: A Simulation-Based Interprofessional Team Training Session for Medical and Nursing Students in Norway
The World Health Organization (WHO) has highlighted interprofessional teamwork as a core component in the recommended skill-set of health care workers. WHO therefore calls for a strengthening of the interprofessional teamwork in educational health care programmes. This study approaches interprofessional team training by using a case study from the Norwegian educational setting for medical and nursing students to exemplify design issues of relevance. Current study programmes have been investigated along with students’ and professionals’ perspectives and training needs, and a simulation-based interprofessional team training session has been implemented. Few studies have explored students’, faculty members’, and clinical practitioners’ conceptualizations of interprofessional teamwork prior to implementation of training measures. The purpose of this chapter is therefore to explain stakeholders’ perceptions, experiences and recommendations of importance for interprofessional teamwork training in healthcare education, with the intention of improving the knowledge base for planning, designing and implementing such training. The results indicate that interprofessional teamwork training should be seen as an important part of clinical training for nursing and medical students. A conceptual framework consisting of three dimensions: clinical professionalism, team performance and a patient-centred perspective may serve as a tool for planning, designing and assessing interprofessional teamwork training in healthcare settings.
KeywordsInterprofessional team training Stakeholders Simulation Healthcare students
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