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Response of Farm Households to Climate Change with Social Customs of Female Labour Participation in the Mediterranean Region of Turkey

  • Takeshi Maru
  • Motoi Kusadokoro
Chapter
Part of the The Anthropocene: Politik—Economics—Society—Science book series (APESS, volume 18)

Abstract

The aims of this paper are to simulate how farm households react to the changes in agricultural production caused by climate change and to examine how social customs affect the changes in agricultural production in rural areas of the Mediterranean Turkey. Based on the field survey results, a household model that includes the social customs that express dis-utility due to divergence from socially-determined female labour participation in crop production is constructed. Additionally, computable general equilibrium (CGE) simulation analysis that enables quantitative evaluation of the effects of climate change is conducted. In this paper, the A2 global warming scenario is assumed and the following results are obtained: (a) the farm profit will be increased through the enhanced crop yield under the sub-scenario that does not assume any CO2-effect; (b) the farm profit will be decreased through the reduced crop yield under the sub-scenario that assumes doubling CO2-effect; and (c) social customs slightly restrain agricultural production by restricting female labour participation in farm cultivation.

Keywords

Climate change Female labour participation Social customs 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This chapter is a partial contribution to The Research Project on the Impact of Climate Change on Agricultural Production System in Arid Areas in the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature. Also, the authors received financial support from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science under Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research [number 25850158, 26850147]; and the Asahi Glass Foundation under Research Encouragement Grant for Humanities and Social Sciences. The authors are grateful to Dr. Atsuyuki Asami, Dr. Seiichi Fukui, Dr. Hiroshi Tsujii and Dr. Tsugihiro Watanabe for their helpful comments to the early version of this chapter, and also Dr. Onur Erkan and Dr. Ufuk Gültekin for their kind help in the field survey (in alphabetical order). Finally, the authors appreciate the contribution of the editors of this book and the reviewers for improvements of this chapter. (Since the authors don’t know the names of reviewers and all editors, these acknowledgements are perforce anonymous.)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hitotsubashi University, Institute of Economic ResearchTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Institute of AgricultureFuchu, TokyoJapan

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