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A Short History of the European Society of Paediatric Endoscopic Surgeons (ESPES)

  • Azad NajmaldinEmail author
  • Ciro Esposito
  • Philippe Montupet
  • Henri Steyaert
Chapter

Abstract

During the late 1960s, well before their counterparts in adult surgery, Stephen Gans and George Berci anticipated the future of endoscopic surgery (minimal invasive surgery (MIS)) in infants and children would be promising. However, progress in the evolvement of this subspecialty remained slow, partly due to the minimal levels of political and commercial interest this type of surgery attracts in a small speciality like paediatrics. Furthermore, surgery in children encompasses a wide variety of conditions in a wide range of patients of differing age groups and sizes.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Azad Najmaldin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ciro Esposito
    • 2
    • 3
  • Philippe Montupet
    • 2
    • 3
  • Henri Steyaert
    • 4
  1. 1.Leeds Teaching HospitalsLeedsUK
  2. 2.Pediatric Surgery Unit, Department of Translational Medical Sciences (DISMET)University of Naples “Federico II”NaplesItaly
  3. 3.CHU Bicetre ParisParisFrance
  4. 4.Department of Pediatric SurgeryUniversité Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), HUDERF Children’s HospitalBrusselsBelgium

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