Regional Abnormality Representation Learning in Structural MRI for AD/MCI Diagnosis
In this paper, we propose a novel method for MRI-based AD/MCI diagnosis that systematically integrates voxel-based, region-based, and patch-based approaches in a unified framework. Specifically, we parcellate a brain into predefined regions by using anatomical knowledge, i.e., template, and find complex nonlinear relations among voxels, whose intensity denotes the volumetric measure in our case, within each region. Unlike the existing methods that mostly use a cubical or rectangular shape, we regard the anatomical shape of regions as atypical forms of patches. Using the complex nonlinear relations among voxels in each region learned by deep neural networks, we extract a regional abnormality representation. We then make a final clinical decision by integrating the regional abnormality representations over a whole brain. It is noteworthy that the regional abnormality representations allow us to interpret and understand the symptomatic observations of a subject with AD or MCI by mapping and visualizing them in a brain space individually. We validated the efficacy of our method in experiments with baseline MRI dataset in the ADNI cohort by achieving promising performances in three binary classification tasks.
This work was partially supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (NRF-2015R1C1A1A01052216); and also by the Bio & Medical Technology Development Program of the NRF funded by the Korean government, MSIP (2016941946).
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