Towards Asymptotically Optimal One-to-One PDP Algorithms for Capacity 2+ Vehicles

  • Lars Nørvang Andersen
  • Martin OlsenEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11184)


We consider the one-to-one Pickup and Delivery Problem (PDP) in Euclidean Space with arbitrary dimension d, where n transportation requests are picked i.i.d. with a separate origin-destination pair for each object to be moved. First, we consider the problem from the customer perspective, where the objective is to compute a plan for transporting the objects such that the Euclidean distance traveled by the vehicles when carrying objects is minimized. We develop a polynomial time asymptotically optimal algorithm for vehicles with capacity \(o(\root 2d \of {n})\) for this case including the realistic setting where the capacity of the vehicles is a fixed constant and \(d=2\). This result also holds imposing LIFO constraints for loading and unloading objects. Secondly, we extend our algorithm to the classical single-vehicle PDP, where the objective is to minimize the total distance traveled by the vehicle and we present results indicating that the extended algorithm is asymptotically optimal for a fixed vehicle capacity, if the origins and destinations are picked i.i.d. using the same distribution.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsAarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Business Development and TechnologyAarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark

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