Fail Safe Routing Algorithm for Green Wireless Nano Body Sensor Network (GWNBSN)

  • G. R. Kanagachidambaresan
  • R. Maheswar
  • R. Jayaparvathy
  • Sabu M. Thampi
  • V. Mahima
Part of the EAI/Springer Innovations in Communication and Computing book series (EAISICC)


The design of reliable routing has become obligatory in case of wireless nano body sensor network. This chapter envisages the issues in reliable routing of green wireless nano body sensor network (GWNBSN). The concept of nano sensor network reduces the size of nodes and it is easy to implant inside the human body. The molecular communication realizes series of reliability issues during its communication with the nearby nodes. An unforeseen molecular burst or fast bloodstream could make the DNA molecules to be confused and misguided. A fail safe reliable routing is proposed which investigates the patient’s state and decides the mode of communication as molecular or electromagnetic. The network is made fault tolerant from lack of energy faults and intermittent faults by classifying the data packets based on the state of subject, and routing the packets by energy harvesting capabilities and terminal voltage of the battery. The hierarchical hidden Markov model (HHMM) acts as the decision-maker to switch the packet to the next hop. Thus, the performance of the given protocol is analyzed with different harvesting capabilities, exhibiting to be reliable and energy efficient in nature.


Hierarchical hidden Markov model (HHMM) Green wireless nano body sensor network (GWNBSN) Finite state machine (FSM) 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. R. Kanagachidambaresan
    • 1
  • R. Maheswar
    • 2
  • R. Jayaparvathy
    • 3
  • Sabu M. Thampi
    • 4
  • V. Mahima
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of CSEVel Tech Rangarajan Dr. Sagunthala R&D Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of ECESri Krishna College of TechnologyCoimbatoreIndia
  3. 3.Department of ECESSN College of EngineeringChennaiIndia
  4. 4.Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management - Kerala (IIITM-K)TrivandrumIndia
  5. 5.Department of ECEVel Tech Rangarajan Dr. Sagunthala R&D Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia

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