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Preanesthetic Assessment for Thoracic Surgery

  • Peter Slinger
  • Gail Darling
Chapter

Abstract

All patients having pulmonary resections should have a preoperative assessment of their respiratory function in three areas: lung mechanical function, pulmonary parenchymal function, and cardiopulmonary reserve (the “three-legged stool” of respiratory assessment). Following pulmonary resection surgery, it is usually possible to wean and extubate patients with adequate predicted postoperative respiratory function in the operating room provided they are “AWaC” (alert, warm, and comfortable). Preoperative investigation and therapy of patients with coronary artery disease for noncardiac thoracic surgery are becoming a complex issue. An individualized strategy in consultation with the surgeon, cardiologist, and patient is required. Myocardial perfusion, CT coronary angiography, and other advances in imaging are used increasingly in these patients. Geriatric patients are at a high risk for cardiac complications, particularly arrhythmias, following large pulmonary resections. Preoperative exercise capacity is the best predictor of post-thoracotomy outcome in the elderly.

Keywords

Surgery Thoracic Resection Complications Lung 

Supplementary material

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiaToronto General HospitalTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, Division of Thoracic SurgeryToronto General Hospital, University Health NetworkTorontoCanada

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