Multiple Myeloma

  • Reiner Bartl
  • Christoph Bartl


Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignant haematologic disorder caused by a monoclonal proliferation of plasma cells and their precursors: B lymphocyte neoplasia with terminal differentiation. The plasma cells produce a monoclonal protein either a complete immunoglobulin (G, A, D or E) or fragments thereof (e.g. light chains, Bence-Jones protein).


Multiple myeloma Myeloma cell Skeletal complication Osteoclastic resorption Poem syndrome 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reiner Bartl
    • 1
  • Christoph Bartl
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Osteoporosis and Bone CenterMunichGermany
  2. 2.Center of Orthopaedics and Sports MedicineMunichGermany

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