Virtual Surgical Planning (VSP)

  • David SylvesterEmail author
  • Steven M. Sullivan


Orthognathic surgery has seen many developments and advances throughout its evolutionary history. Recent trends have seen a shift away from traditional model surgery and have sought to embrace more contemporary methods of virtual surgical planning (VSP) [1]. Since its inception, orthognathic surgery has successfully and predictably been planned and performed by means of traditional, analytical model surgery. Introduction of the cone-beam CT in 1998 in Europe and then in the USA in 2001 provoked the beginnings of a paradigm shift [2, 3]. The literature has since been replete with studies focused on providing evidence that virtual surgical planning is as effective and predictable as traditional model surgery [4–6].


Virtual surgical planning VSP Orthognathic surgery Temporomandibular joint replacement TMJ Concepts® MedCad® SureSmile® 



Special thanks: The authors would like to thank Dr. J. Peter Kierl for the orthodontic component of this case and photographs used in this chapter.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgical SciencesUniversity of Oklahoma Health Sciences CenterOklahoma CityUSA

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