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Joint Arthrocentesis

  • Daniel PurcellEmail author
  • Bryan A. Terry
  • Brian R. Sharp
Chapter

Abstract

Non-traumatic as well as penetrating joint injuries may sometimes require analysis that extends beyond history, physical examination, and associated imaging. Arthrocentesis can be an invaluable tool for advanced evaluation of potential intra-articular pathology, providing firm support for establishment of a more definitive diagnosis. It requires intricate knowledge of surface and deep anatomy, as well as implementation of meticulous technique to execute in an efficient and productive manner. The following section will describe various joint arthrocentesis procedures, including detailed instruction ranging from indications to actual physical performance.

Keywords

Joint arthrocentesis Septic arthritis Quadricep/patellar tendon Tibial plateau Coracoid process Spine of scapula Tibialis anterior tendon Dorsalis pedis artery Deep peroneal nerve Olecranon process Lateral epicondyle Radial head Lister’s tubercle Extensor pollicis longus tendon 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Purcell
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bryan A. Terry
    • 2
  • Brian R. Sharp
    • 3
  1. 1.Emergency DepartmentNew York University Langone Medical Center BrooklynNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.The Brooklyn Hospital CenterBrooklynUSA
  3. 3.BerbeeWalsh Department of Emergency MedicineUniversity of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA

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