The LOCAL WORK PLANS (LWP) and Territorial Economic System (TES): Assessment and Evaluation

  • Cosimo CuomoEmail author
  • Domenico Marino
Conference paper
Part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC, volume 180)


Territorial Economic System (TES) is a multidimensional concept that encompasses economic and social dimensions. Whereas the production system has a mainly material connotation, technical knowledge and social capability have a mainly immaterial nature (Latella and Marino 1996). It is important for a description of the TES to define two dimensions: the proximity and the resiliency. Each territory shows first of all a different degree of proximity which does not necessarily mean contiguity, but can have a functional meaning (Veltz 1991; Dupuy and Gilly 1993). There is, in fact, an industrial organization, cultural and temporal proximity.

The LOCAL WORK PLANS (LWP) are a tool integrating active policies for employment with policies for local development.

Incentivizing innovative investments is another policy pillar that should be implemented within Calabria’s TES, and once again the LWPs are the natural and privileged setting for this implementation.


  1. Aoki, M.: Analysis of an open model of share markets with several types of participats. UCLA, Working Paper (1999)Google Scholar
  2. Aoki, M.: A new model of labour dynamics: ultrametrics, Okun’s law, and transient dynamics. UCLA, Working Paper (2003)Google Scholar
  3. Aoki, M.: New frameworks for macroeconomic modelling: some illustrative examples. UCLA, Working Paper (2004)Google Scholar
  4. Arthur, W.B.: Self-reinforcing mechanisms in economics. In: Anderson, P.W., Arrow, K.J., Pines, D. (eds.) The Economy as an Evolving Complex System. Addison-Wesley, Reading (1988)Google Scholar
  5. Arthur, W.B.: Competing technologies, increasing returns and lock in by historical events. Econ. J. 99, 116–131 (1989a)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Arthur, W.B.: Complexity and the economy. Science 284, 107–109 (1989b)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Arthur, W.B.: Out-of-equilibrium and agent-based modelling. In: Hand-Book for Computational Economics, vol. 2. North-Holland, Amsterdam (2005)Google Scholar
  8. Barkley Rosser, J.: A reconsideration of the role of discontinuity in regional economic models. Chaos, Solitons Fractals. 18(2003), 451–462 (2003)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bailey, M.N., Lawrence, R.Z.: Do we have a new economy. National Bureau of Economic Research. Working Paper No. 8243, April 2001Google Scholar
  10. Barewald, F.: History and Structure of Economic Development. India Book House, Mumbai (1969)Google Scholar
  11. Barro, R.J., Sala-i-Martin, X.: Economic Growth. McGraw-Hill, New York (1995)Google Scholar
  12. Baumol, W.J., Oates, W.E.: The Theory of Environmental Policy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1988)Google Scholar
  13. Becattini, G.: “Dal “settore” al “distretto” industriale. Alcune considerazioni sull’unità di indagine nell’economia industriale”. Rivista di Economia e Politica Industriale 5(1), 7–21 (1979)Google Scholar
  14. Becattini, G., Rullani, E.: Sistema locale e mercato globale. Economia e Politica industriale 80, 24–48 (1993)Google Scholar
  15. Behrens, R., Wilkinson, P.: Housing and urban passenger transport policy and planning in South African cities: a problematic relation? In: Harrison, P., Huchzermeyer, M., Mayekiso, M. (eds.) Confronting Fragmentation: Housing and Urban Development in a Democratising Society, pp. 154–172. University of Cape Town Press, Cape Town (2003)Google Scholar
  16. Bentollila, S., Dolado, J.J., Franz, W., Pissarides, C.: Labour flexibility and wages: lessons from Spain. Econ. Policy 9(18), 53–99 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. van den Berg, L., Braun, E., van der Meer, J.: National Urban Policies in the European Union. Euricur, Rotterdam (2004)Google Scholar
  18. Bianchi, P.: Le politiche industriali dell’Unione Europea. Il Mulino, Bologna (1995)Google Scholar
  19. Boix Domènech, R.: Economía del conocimiento, tecnología y territorio en España. CDTI and UAB, mimeo (2006)Google Scholar
  20. Borjas, G.J.: The economic analysis of immigration. In: Ashenfelter, O., Card, D. (eds.) Handbook of Labour Economics, vol. 3A. North Holland, New York (1999)Google Scholar
  21. Borjas, G.J., Hilton, L.: Immigration and the welfare state: immigrant participation in means-tested entitlement programmes. Q. J. Econ. 111(2), 575–604 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Borjas, G.J.: Self-Selection and the earnings of immigrants. Am. Econ. Rev. 77(4), 531–553 (1987)Google Scholar
  23. Breschi, S., Lissoni, F.: Knowledge spillovers and local innovation systems: a critical survey. Ind. Corp. Chang. 10(4), 975–1005 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Briggs, X.: Democracy as Problem Solving. Civic Capacity in Communities Across the Globe. MIT Press, Cambridge (2007, Forthcoming)Google Scholar
  25. Brusco, S., Sabel, C.: Artisan production and economic growth. In: Wilkinson, F. (ed.) The Dynamics of Labour Markets Segmentation. Academic Press, London (1981)Google Scholar
  26. Buesa, M.: El sistema regional de innovación de la Comunidad de Madrid, informe sobre Situación económica y social de la Comunidad de Madrid 2001, Consejo Económico y Social de la Comunidad de Madrid (2002)Google Scholar
  27. Castells, M.: The City and the Grassroots. University of California Press, Berkeley (1983)Google Scholar
  28. Coase, R.H.: The nature of the firm. Economica 4(386), 386–405 (1937)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Conway, P., Nicoletti, G.: Product market regulation in the non-manufacturing sectors of OECD countries: measurement and highlights. OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 530 (2006)Google Scholar
  30. Conway, P., de Rosa, D., Nicoletti, G., Steiner, F.: Regulation, competition and productivity convergence. OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 509 (2006)Google Scholar
  31. Danson, M., Halkier, H., Cameron, G.: Regional governance, institutional change and regional development. In: Danson, M., Halkier, H., Cameron, G. (eds.) Governance, Institutional Change and Regional Development. Ashgate, Aldershot (2000)Google Scholar
  32. David, P.: Clio and the economics of QWERTY. Am. Econ. Rev. In: Papers and Proceedings, vol. 75, pp. 332–337 (1985)Google Scholar
  33. Foster, G.: Traditional Societies and Technological Change. Harper & Row, New York (1973)Google Scholar
  34. Frenken, K.: Technological innovation and complexity. Urban and Regional Research Centre Utrecht (URU), Working Paper (2005)Google Scholar
  35. Friedmann, J.: The world cities hypothesis. Dev. Chang. 17(1), 69–84 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Gordon, R.J.: The jobless recovery: does it signal a era of productivity growth? Brook. Pap. Econ. Act. 1, 271–306 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Hall, P.: Creative industries and economic development. Urban Stud. 37(4), 639–649 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Hirschman, A.O.: The Strategy of Economic Development. Yale University Press, New Haven (1959)Google Scholar
  39. Jacobs, J.: Cities and the Wealth of Nations. Vintage Books, New York (1984)Google Scholar
  40. Kauffman, S.A.: The Origin of Order. Self-organisation and Selection in Evolution. Oxford University Press, Oxford (1993)Google Scholar
  41. Krugman, P.: History versus expectations. Q. J. Econ. 106, 651–667 (1991a)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Krugman, P.: Geography and Trade. MIT Press, Cambridge (1991b)Google Scholar
  43. Krugman, P, Venables, A.J.: The seamless world: a spatial model of international specialization, 1230. C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers (1995)Google Scholar
  44. Krugman, P.R., Venables, A.J., Fujita, M.: The Spatial Economy. The MIT Press, Cambridge (1999)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  45. Lafuente, E., Vaillant, Y., Vendrell-Herrero, F.: Territorial servitization: exploring the virtuous circle connecting knowledge-intensive services and new manufacturing businesses. Int. J. Prod. Econ. 192, 19–28 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Latella, F., Marino, D.: Diffusione della conoscenza ed innovazione territoriale: verso la costruzione di un modello. Quaderni di Ricerca di Base dell’ Università Bocconi, n. 2 (1996)Google Scholar
  47. Lester, R., Piore, M.: Innovation: The Missing Dimension. Harvard University Press, Cambridge (2004)Google Scholar
  48. Lublinski, A.E.: Does geographic proximity matter? Evidence from clustered and non-clustered aeronautic firms in Germany. Reg. Stud. 37(5), 453–467 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Marino, D.: Territorial economic systems and artificial interacting agents: models based on neural networks. Int. J. Chaos Theory Appl. 3(1/2), 23–29 (1998)Google Scholar
  50. Marino, D., Trapasso, R.: The new approach to regional economics dynamics: path dependence and spatial self-reinforcing mechanisms. In: Fratesi, U., Senn, L. (eds.) Growth and Innovation of Competitive Regions, pp. 329–367. Springer, Berlin (2009)Google Scholar
  51. Markusen, A.: Fuzzy concepts, scanty evidence, policy distance: the case for rigor and policy relevance in critical regional studies. Reg. Stud. 33(9), 869–884 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Myrdal, G.: Economic Theory and Underdeveloped Regions. Duckworth, London (1957)Google Scholar
  53. Nelson, R.R., Winter, S.G.: In search a useful theory of innovation. Res. Policy 6, 36–76 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Nelson, R.R., Winter, S.G.: An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge (1982)Google Scholar
  55. Niosi, J., Zhegu, M.: Aerospace clusters: local or glocal knowledge spillovers? Ind. Innov. 12(1), 1–25 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Porter, M.: The Competitive Advantage of Nations. The Free Press, New York (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Rodríguez Pose, A., Bwire, A.: The economic (in)efficiency of devolution. Environ. Plan. A 36, 1907–1928 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Scott, A., Storper, M.: Production, Work, Territory: The Geographical Anatomy of Industrial Capitalism. Allen & Unwin, Boston (1986)Google Scholar
  59. Scott, A., Storper, M.: Regions, globalisation, development. Reg. Stud. 37(6/7), 579–593 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Storper, M.: Regional economies as relational assets. In: Lee, R., Wills, J. (eds.) Geographies of Economies. Arnold, London (1997)Google Scholar
  61. Storper, M.: Civil society: three ways into a problem. In: Douglas, M., Friedman, J. (eds.) Cities for Citizens, pp. 239–246. Wiley, Chichester (1998)Google Scholar
  62. Storper, M., Walker, R.: The Capitalist Imperative: Territory, Technology and Industrial Growth. Basil Blackwell, New York (1999)Google Scholar
  63. Storper, M., Venables, A.J.: Buzz: face-to-face contact and the urban economy. J. Econ. Geogr. 4(4), 351–370 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Taylor, P.J.: World City Network: A Global Urban Analysis. Routledge, London (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Taylor, P.J.: Leading world cities: empirical evaluations of urban nodes in multiple networks. Urban Stud. 42(9), 1593–1608 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Thrift, N., Olds, K.: Refiguring the economic in economic geography. Prog. Hum. Geogr. 20, 311–337 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Tirmarche, O., Le Galès, P.: Life after industrial decline in St. Etienne: robust SMEs, deterritorialization, and the making of a local mode of governance. In: Crouch, C., Le Galès, P., Trigilia, C., Voelzkow, H. (eds.) Changing Governance of Local Economies: Responses of European Local Production Systems, pp. 160–180. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2004)Google Scholar
  68. Venables, A.J.: Equilibrium locations of vertically linked industries. Int. Econ. Rev. 37(2), 341–359 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Vendrell-Herrero, F., Wilson, J.R.: Servitization for territorial competitiveness: taxonomy and research agenda. Compet. Rev. 27(1), 2–11 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Ward, S.V.: Planning the Twentieth Century City: The Advanced Capitalist World. Wiley, Chichester (2002)Google Scholar
  71. Wheeler, S.: The new regionalism: key characteristics of an emerging movement. J. Am. Plan. Assoc. 68(3), 267–278 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Williamson, O.E.: The economics of organization: The transaction cost approach. Am. J. Sociol. 87(2), 233 (1981)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Regione CalabriaCatanzaroItaly
  2. 2.Mediterranea University of Reggio CalabriaCalabriaItaly

Personalised recommendations