Medical Applications of Additive Manufacturing

  • A. ManmadhacharyEmail author
  • Santosh Kumar Malyala
  • Adityamohan Alwala
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics book series (LNCVB, volume 30)


Additive manufacturing (AM) is also known as “3D printing.” AM creates the physical model by construction of succeeding layers using the input material. Each succeeding layer is attached to the preceding layer to form the physical AM model. Medical industry requires the error-free exact anatomy of the patient for diagnosis, surgical planning, surgical guides, implants, etc. Since every patient has unique anatomy, AM suits as best fit for medical industry. AM medical model provides advantage of customizing each model according to the patient’s specific requirement, which is not so easy in conventional way. The current work aims to explain the importance of AM medical model in the medical industry for various scenarios.


Additive manufacturing 3D printing Medical industry Diagnose patient Customized model 



The authors would like to special thanks for their support, Dr. N. V. S. Shekar Reddy and Dr. U. D. Arvind, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Panineeya Institute of Dental Science and Research Center, Hyderabad, India for providing DICOM images and conducting surgeries in their hospital. No ethical approval was needed for these studies and all the local guidelines were followed.


  1. 1.
    Mamoru MJC, Paulo B, Dirk F, Albert JS, Kamlakar R, Naohiko S (2013) Bio-manufacturing. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 62:585–606CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wohler TT (2013) Additive manufacturing and 3D printing state of the industry, Annual worldwide progress report. Wohlers Associates, Colorado, USAGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Webb PA (2000) A review of rapid prototyping (RP) techniques in the medical and biomedical sector. J Med Eng Technol 24:149–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Parthasarathy J (2014) 3D modeling, custom implants and its future perspectives incraniofacial surgery. Ann Maxillofac Surg 4:9–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Farias TP, Dias FL, Sousa BA, Galvao MS, Bispo D, Past AC (2013) Prototyping: major advance in surgical planning and customizing prostheses in patients with bone tumors of the Head and neck. Int J Clin Med 4:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Manmadhachary A, Ravi Kumar Y, Krishnanand L (2018) Finding of correction factor & dimensional error in bio-AM Model By FDM Technique. J Inst Eng (India): Ser C 99 Scholar
  7. 7.
    Manmadhachary A, Kumar MS, Ravi Kumar Y, Haranadha Reddy M, Adityamohan A (2017) Design & manufacturing of Implant for reconstructive surgery: a Case Study. KnE Eng 2:143–149Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Alwala AM, Malyala SK, Chittaluri LR, Vasamsetty P (2016) Surgical planning in pan facial trauma using additive manufacturing medical model-a case study. Journal of Surgery Jurnalul de chirurgie. 12:125–128Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Santosh Kumar Malyala Y, Kumar R, Alwala AM, Manmadhachary A (2017) 3D printed medical model to resolve cleft alveolus defect: a case study. KnE Eng 2:8–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Alwalaa AM, Arvind UD, Malyala SK, Vasamsetty P (2018) Customization of patient specific distraction device using additive manufacture technology. Mater Today: Proc 5:4134–4137Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Manmadhachary A, Ravi Kumar Y, Krishnanand L (2016) Improve the accuracy, surface smoothing and material adaption in STL file for RP medical models. J Manuf Process 21:46–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Malyala SK, Ravi Kumar Y, Kankanala L, Vasamsetty P, Alwala A (2018) Assessment and treatment planning in maxillofacial surgery by using additive manufacturing technology. Mater Today: Proc 5:4162–4166CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Manmadhachary
    • 1
    Email author
  • Santosh Kumar Malyala
    • 2
  • Adityamohan Alwala
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Science and TechnologyICFAI UniversityHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyWarangalIndia
  3. 3.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryPanineeya Institute of Dental Science and Research CentreHyderabadIndia

Personalised recommendations