Comparative Evaluation of City Dwellers’ Perspectives on Household Energy Use Based on Housing Tenure: Survey Results from Northern Sweden

  • Gireesh NairEmail author
  • Thomas Olofsson
  • Annika Nordlund
  • Christine Hudson
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)


The successful implementation of energy efficiency measures in the residential sector will depend to a large extent on the attitudes and perceptions of the end-users since they are the final decision maker. The tenure of the housing could influence the building occupants’ perspectives on energy issues. In this study we conducted a comparative evaluation of perspectives on energy use of three categories of households: those living in single family houses, tenants and owners’ of apartment. The analysis is based on responses to a mail-in questionnaire by approximately 650 residents in Umeå, Sweden. Majority of the respondents believed that their annual household energy use is less. Residents in single-family houses, as compared to the other two types of tenure of the housing, were more likely to believe their heat energy use as high and likely to take actions to reduce the energy use. Financial incentives such as subsidy or lower interest rate were preferred by most of single-family homeowners (45%) to motivate them to take actions to reduce energy use. While personalized information to reduce energy use and lower interest rate and reduced rent are preferred by more residents in the other two categories. The implications for promoting energy efficient measures based on housing tenure is discussed.


Perception Occupants Energy efficiency 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the Swedish Energy Agency.

Note: The survey was conducted in 2016, in accordance with the APA (American Psychology Association) general principles. The survey included information about the study, about participation being voluntary, that data would be handled maintaining confidentiality, and that data only would be analysed on a group level, in the first section of the survey. Participation in the survey was then taken as informed consent. No formal ethical vetting was conducted since the survey did not contain questions of a sensitive nature.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gireesh Nair
    • 1
    Email author
  • Thomas Olofsson
    • 1
  • Annika Nordlund
    • 2
  • Christine Hudson
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Applied Physics and ElectronicsUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden
  3. 3.Department of Political ScienceUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden

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