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Intimate Partner Violence

  • Jennifer J. TschollEmail author
  • Philip V. Scribano
Chapter

Abstract

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a widespread public health problem affecting millions of adults in the USA. Exposure to IPV during childhood can have far-reaching, life-course consequences, including adverse physical and mental health outcomes that extend well into adulthood. Pediatric medical providers should be comfortable with screening patients and caregivers for IPV and also become familiar with resources to provide to families when IPV is identified. This chapter explores the definitions and dynamics of intimate partner violence; the health effects for adult and child, including the inherent risks of child maltreatment in this setting; screening assessment approaches which can be employed in the pediatric healthcare encounter; and safety planning interventions that pediatric health providers should consider for their patients and families.

Keywords

Intimate partner violence Domestic violence Toxic stress Adverse childhood experience Social determinants of health 

Abbreviations

ACE

Adverse childhood experience

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

IPV

Intimate partner violence

SDOH

Social determinants of health

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Copyright information

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Child and Family AdvocacyNationwide Children’s HospitalColumbusUSA
  2. 2.The Ohio State University College of MedicineColumbusUSA
  3. 3.Center for Child Protection and HealthPhiladelphiaUSA
  4. 4.Division of PediatricsThe Children’s Hospital of PhiladelphiaPhiladelphiaUSA
  5. 5.Clinical Pediatrics Perelman School of MedicineUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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