Cantilevered Pipes Conveying Fluid
As to the reality of a follower force in physical systems, it is said that an end thrust caused by a momentum flux discharged from the free end of a cantilevered pipe conveying fluid is a typical follower force. It is known that the pipe loses its stability by flutter. A cantilevered pipe conveying fluid is a nonconservative system that is applicable in practical uses and realizable in laboratories. Many papers have been published that deal with both theory and experiment.
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