Waste Producer and Waste Holder
The chapter aims to analyse waste producer and waste holder as statuses that fluctuate between the polluter-pays principle and the qualification of given products such as waste or “derived-by-products” for the production of renewable energy. According to the EU legal framework on waste and its function in the EU policy related to green energy production, the statuses of waste producer or holder are linked to the meaning of “waste” and turn on the meaning of the word “discard”. Thus, the “intent” of the producer or the holder is the only criterion capable of clarifying “who is who” and “what is what”. The EU Court of Justice identified some elements that are useful for understanding the intent of the producer/holder of waste.
- European Commission. (2000). European Climate Change Programme (ECCP). Final Report https://ec.europa.eu/clima/sites/clima/files/eccp/first/docs/final_report_en.pdf
- Hansen, W., Christopher, M., & Verbuecheln, M. (2002). EU waste policy and challenges for regional and local authorities. Berlin: Ecologic - Centre for International and European Environmental Research.Google Scholar
- Versolmann, I. (2016, September). Decision 994/2012 and beyond: Assessing the driving factors of integration in the field of external energy policy. Paper presented at the UACES 46th Annual Conference Queen Mary University of London. https://www.uaces.org/events/conferences/london/papers/abstract.php?paper_id=370#.WziMIS1aZ0s