• Giulia MannucciEmail author


Although the sports sector has only been included among the EU competences since the Lisbon Treaty (2009), the Court of Justice had previously identified a number of rights and obligations that apply to sports activities when they exhibit an economic dimension. The European case law has, thus, contributed to the definition of the status of a sportsperson and has curtailed the ‘special nature’ of the sports system in three crucial areas: freedom of movement, freedom of competition and judicial protection.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Florence – Department of Legal StudiesFirenzeItaly

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