The chapter focuses on the civil and political rights of those who serve in the armed forces. The role of armed forces in Europe is essentially defined by constitutional documents, and there is a notable tendency in liberal democracies to consider members of the armed forces “citizens in uniform”, thereby officially acknowledging their full civil rights and only putting in place restrictions that are strictly necessary to ensure that the entire organisation remains completely non-political. Specific attention will be paid to describing restrictions on freedom of expression and freedom of association, both of which particularly concern soldiers. In this regard, the focus will be also on international commitments, such as those originating from the European Convention on Human Rights.
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