Recipient of EU Programmes

  • Roberto Cippitani


The phenomenon of public funding has a long history and has been interesting to scholars for at least a couple of centuries. However, an important system of public financing has developed only over the second half of the last century. In particular, since the 1950s of the last century, European Union ‘programmes’ has become very important in Europe. Under European Union law, a programme ‘means any activity, set of activities or other initiative which the relevant basic instrument or budgetary authorisation requires the Commission to implement for the benefit of one or more categories of specific beneficiaries, by committing expenditure’. Beneficiaries, or better, recipients, participating in the EU Programmes assume obligations and acquire rights with respect to the Commission (or other funding authorities) and to the other co-beneficiaries.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversità degli Studi di PerugiaPerugiaItaly

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