• Francesco BilottaEmail author


LGBTIQ is an acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transsexual, intersex and queer/questioning people. Being an LGBTIQ person is not the prerequisite for acquiring a legal status, because it no longer assigns rights or new duties to those who carry these characteristics. For LGBTIQ people, the law creates the conditions to overcome the obstacles to gaining access to the rights and duties that are normally connected to the status that everyone can acquire. LGBTIQ people are taken into consideration in different ways by European law with the aim of pressuring all the EU Member States to provide more protection for them.


  1. Bilotta, F. (2005). Diritto e omosessualità. In P. Cendon (Ed.), I diritti della persona. Tutela civile, penale e amministrativa (I) (pp. 375–397). Torino: Utet.Google Scholar
  2. Colcelli, V. (2013). Status en el derecho de la Unión Europea. In M. I. Álvarez Ledesma & R. Cippitani (Coord.), Diccionario analítico de derechos humanos e integración jurídica (pp. 653–659). Roma-Perugia-México: ISEG.Google Scholar
  3. Council of the European Union. (2013). Guidelines to promote and protect the enjoyment of all human rights by lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBT) persons. Luxembourg: Foreign Affairs Council Meeting.Google Scholar
  4. FRA – European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights. (2015). Protection against discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation, gender identity and sex characteristics in the EU, Comparative legal analysis, update 2015. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.Google Scholar
  5. Martinico, G. (2004). Le sentenze interpretative della Corte di giustizia come forme di produzione normativa. Rivista di diritto costituzionale, 249–282.Google Scholar
  6. Slootmaeckers, K., Touquet, H., & Vermeersch, P. (Eds.). (2016). The EU enlargement and gay politics: The impact of eastern enlargement on rights, activism and prejudice. London: Palgrave McMillan.Google Scholar
  7. Taylor, Y., Hines, S., & Casey, M. (Eds.). (2010). Theorizing intersectionality and sexuality. London: Palgrave McMillan.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Legal SciencesUniversity of UdineUdineItaly

Personalised recommendations