The protection of elderly people is one of the main topics discussed at the international and EU levels, as both the number of elderly and their percentage within the population have been increasing due to the ageing of the population. The European Commission (the Commission) has identified active and healthy ageing as the major societal challenge common to all European countries and an area in which the European Union (EU) can play a significant role in order to lead the Member States in providing innovative responses to this challenge. This chapter will explore the EU legal and political system in matter of elderly people and analyse the status of elderly rights recognised by the EU legal order and by the case law of the Court of Justice of the EU (the Court). The cases briefly faced by this paper will include Court judgments that directly involve the legal rights of elderly people or directly address the issues of age-based discrimination.
- Bell, M. (2002) Anti-discrimination law and the European Union. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Cole, J., & Cole, F. (1997). A geography of the European Union (2nd ed.). London, England: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Davies, R. (2014). Older people in Europe: EU policies and programmes [Briefing]. Retrieved from https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/bibliotheque/briefing/2014/140811/LDM_BRI(2014)140811_REV1_EN.pdf
- Fredvang, M., & Biggs, S. (2012). The rights of older persons: Protection and gaps under human rights law (Social Policy Working Paper No. 16). Retrieved from https://social.un.org/ageing-working-group/documents/fourth/Rightsofolderpersons.pdf
- Rodriguez-Pinzón, D., & Martin, C. (2003). The international human rights status of elderly persons. American University International Law Review, 18(4), 915–1008.Google Scholar