Rethinking Community Policing – Collective Efficacy First
For decades now, community policing has been the focus of many training and technical assistance efforts, both within the United States and abroad. The term “Community Era” (Wilson and Kelling 1978) has even been applied to the contemporary field of policing given the emphasis on this approach to police operations and crime prevention. Despite its broad international appeal and logical connection to the urban issues of much of the developing world, there exists dizzying array of evaluation research studies that have produced very mixed results regarding its ability to impact crime, and even fear of crime. Aspects of community policing strategy, such as an emphasis on problem-solving, and many place-based policing strategies have been shown to be very significant in their ability to prevent or reduce crime.
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