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Augmenting Crime Predictions with Engagement: Synergy of Predictive Policing and Community Policing Paradigms

  • Gohar SargsyanEmail author
  • Ryan ProxEmail author
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Criminology book series (BRIEFSCRIMINOL)

Abstract

Community Policing (CP), which refers to communities’ participation in police actions, is an evolving topic having a potential impact on reducing crime and creating safer communities. The next generation of community policing (NGCP) is helping to transform CP into a more robust and active participatory process than what has been previously witnessed. There is a connection between the multilayered complexity of CP that is being fuelled in this engagement through the current global digital revolution, exponentially growing big data, and advancement in technology. In the global scene, NGCP is received differently given the cultural, societal, legal, privacy and security aspects in specific continents, countries, regions, cities and even neighbourhoods. This chapter aims at introducing challenges of NGCP at a global stage and offer options for moving forward. To do this, the chapter sets the scene of NGCP in Europe and North America (with focus on Canada). The role of digitalization, big data in predictive policing and digital community policing are also discussed. In particular, the chapter tries to leverage predictive policing from a community engagement perspective that effectively addresses and promotes the seamless collaboration between police and communities. The “Block Watch” programme in Vancouver Police Department (VPD) and European Neighbourhood Watch Association (EUNWA) in Europe are introduced in the chapter as vital role models in the NGCP. The role of technologies and the interdependency on making the right technological choices with the goal of advancing NGCP and then incorporating human interactivity are explored, specifically, by examining, on the one hand, how the Vancouver Police Department (VPD) has operationalized predictive policing to integrate into the community engagement perspective and, on the other hand, by studying the successful case of Burgernet across all of The Netherlands. European research and innovation project INSPEC2T is also presented as solution for NGCP with contributions from around the globe.

Keywords

Crime prediction Next generation community policing Human interactivity Community engagement Digitalization 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CGI Group Inc.School of CriminologyRotterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.School of CriminologySimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada

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