Advertisement

Proof of Concept for a BIM-Based Material Passport

  • Iva Kovacic
  • Meliha Honic
  • Helmut Rechberger
Conference paper

Abstract

Building stocks and infrastructures are representing the largest material stock of industrial economies. In order to minimize the use of primary resources and the dependency on imports, “Urban Mining” strategy aims to recycle these urban stocks. For enabling of higher recycling rates detailed knowledge about the composition of building stocks in needed. Recyclability is also determined through design and is depending on constructive criteria defining accessibility and separability of building components, whereby the early design-stage plays an important role. In order to optimize the recycling potential and material composition of buildings, new design-centric tools and methods are required. The so called Material Passports represent such tools, which next to the design optimization would enable circular economy in the building industry. In this paper we will present the results of funded research project BIMaterial: Process design for BIM-based, Material passport. The main aim of this research is to create a BIM-based Material Passport for the optimization of the building design regarding resources use and documentation of materials, thereby using Building Information Modelling as knowledge base for geometry and material properties and coupling to further databases for assessment of ecologic footprint and recycling potentials. Thereby a framework for modelling and methodology for semi-automated Material Passport assessment will be proposed. As the methods and structured data that would allow an automated creation of a Material Passport are still lacking, therefore the current research has an innovative character and closes a research gap in this field.

Keywords

Circular economy Digital tools Resources efficiency 

References

  1. 1.
    Ajayi, S.O., Oyedele, L.O., Ceranic, B., Gallanagh, M., Kadiri, K.O.: Life cycle environmental performance of material specification: a BIM-enhanced comparative assessment. Int. J. Sustain. Build. Technol. Urban Dev. 6(1), 14–24 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
  3. 3.
    Azhar, S., Carlton, W.A., Olsen, D., Ahmad, I.: Building information modeling for sustainable design and LEED® rating analysis. Autom. Constr. 20(2), 217–224 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Baubook Homepage. https://www.baubook.info
  5. 5.
  6. 6.
    Eastman, C.M., Teicholz, P., Sacks, R., Liston, K.: BIM Handbook: A Guide to Building Information Modeling for Owners, Managers, Designers, Engineers and Contractors. Wiley, New Jersey (2011)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
    Fischer, M., Hartmann, T., Neuberg, F., Rank, E.: Combining different project modeling approaches for effective support of multi-disciplinary engineering tasks. In: World IT in Construction Conference 2004 (INCITE), Malaysia (2004)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Geyer, P., Buchholz, M.: Parametric systems modeling for sustainable energy and resource flows in buildings and their urban environment. Autom. Constr. 22, 70–80 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    IBO—Austrian Institute for Building Biology, OI3-Berechnungsleitfaden (2013). http://www.ibo.at/de/documents/20131016_OI3_Berechnungsleitfaden_V3.pdf
  11. 11.
    ISO 14040: Environmental management—Life cycle assessment—Principles and framework. International Organization for Standardization (2006)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
    Loh, E., Dawood, N., Dean, J.: Integration of 3D tool with environmental impact assessment (3D EIA). In: Em‘body’ing Virtual Architecture: The Third International Conference of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2007), Egypt, pp. 51–66 (2007)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lu, W., Yuan, H.: A framework for understanding waste management studies in construction. Waste Manag 31(6), 1252–1260 (2011)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Markova, S., Rechberger, H.: Entwicklung eines Konzepts zur Förderung der Kreislaufwirtschaft im Bauwesen: Materieller Gebäudepass und Design for Recycling für das Bauwesen. Technische Universität Wien, Wien (2011)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    ÖNORM A 6241-1: Digitale Bauwerksdokumentation - Teil 1: CAD-Datenstrukturen und Building Information Modeling (BIM)—Level 2. Austrian Standards International (2015)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    ÖNORM A 6241-2: Digitale Bauwerksdokumentation - Teil 2: Building Information Modeling (BIM)—Level 3-iBIM. Austrian Standards International (2015)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Prins, M., Mohammadi, S., Slob, N.: Radical circular economy. In: Proceedings of the CIB Joint International Symposium—Going North for Sustainability: Leveraging Knowledge and Innovation for Sustainable Construction and Development. IBEA Publications Ltd., UK (2015)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
    Solibri Model Checker Homepage. https://www.solibri.com/de
  21. 21.
    Won, J., Cheng, J.C., Lee, G.: Quantification of construction waste prevented by BIM-based design validation: case studies in South Korea. Waste Manag. 49, 170–180 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kovacic, I., Honic, M.: BIM–supported Life–cycle analysis in the early design stages. In: Proceedings of the CIB world building congress 2016-Understanding impacts and functioning of different solutions (2016)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kovacic, I., Honic, M., Rechberger, H.: BIM-based material passport. In: Conference proceedings of the 13th OTMC conference (2017)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Interdisciplinary Construction Process ManagementVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria
  2. 2.Institute of Water Quality, Resources and Waste ManagementVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations