• Stephan StuerwaldEmail author
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 221)


This chapter comprises an introduction into the most significant theoretical backgrounds of digital holography. For a better understanding, also the basics of conventional, classic holography including temporal and spatial phase shifting techniques are summarized at the beginning of this chapter, before proceeding with the numerical propagation of complex object waves and special considerations that are required for application in a microscope system. Further, different types of spatial light modulators for a complex manipulation of electromagnetic waves are introduced and discussed. Several approaches for their utilization in a microscope system are then introduced. These include aberration control, focusing possibilities and the exertion of a momentum for single or multiple holographic optical traps (HOTs). Furthermore, dynamic holography for optical micromanipulation in life science microscopy and different applications of optical tweezers are theoretically discussed. As a significant topic in latest research, so-called diffractive and non-diffractive beam types are introduced comprising Bessel, Mathieu and Airy beams. In a last part of this chapter, the basics of direct laser writing with two-photon polymerization are explained which can be improved by utilization of spatial light modulators.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of California, BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA

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