Advertisement

One-Year Colonization by Zoobenthic Species on an Eco-Friendly Artificial Reef in the English Channel Intertidal Zone

  • Jean-Claude DauvinEmail author
  • Aurélie Foveau
Conference paper

Abstract

The RECIF project aims to enhance the use of shellfish by-products, i.e. crushed shells of the queen scallop Aequipecten opercularis, in the development of an eco-friendly material for artificial reefs. The short-term colonization of three different types of artificial structure (blocks made of two rough-surface concretes, each with a different porosity, and blocks of ordinary concrete) is investigated to highlight possible differences between substrate materials and observe the succession of colonizing species. A total of 75 blocks were emplaced in March 2014 and monitored until February 2015 in the intertidal zone of Luc-sur-Mer (Calvados coast on the French side of the English Channel). The abundance and species richness of the whole community were recorded. Analyses show significant temporal differences in species abundance between blocks, but no variations in species richness, while also revealing differences in the settlement of species depending on their position on the blocks, i.e. on the face exposed to the main tidal currents and to the light, or on the other faces. These differences are explained by environmental parameters around the blocks and by larval behaviours. This unique experimental study focuses on all species found on the blocks, showing that it is important to take account of all the fauna to estimate the benthic production and the functional role of such artificial reefs.

Keywords

Eco-reef Short-term colonization English channel Intertidal zone Monitoring 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Aurélie Foveau received a post-doctoral grant from the collaborative project, RECIF, which was selected within the framework of the European INTERREG IVA Programme for cross-border cooperation between France and the United Kingdom in adjacent regions around the English Channel, and co-funded by the ERDF. The authors wish to thank the co-financiers and all project partners for their support. The authors also thank M.S.N. Carpenter for the English revision. Jean-Claude Dauvin is grateful to the Japanese-French Oceanographic Society in Japan and its President, Professor Teruhisa Komatsu (SFJO-J), for his invitation to take part in the 16th Japanese-French Oceanography Symposium, held in Tohoku/Tokyo, Japan, from 17–21 November 2015, on the topic ‘The sea under human and natural impacts: challenge of oceanography to the future Earth’.

References

  1. Anderson MJ, Underwood AJ (1994) Effect of substratum on recruitment and development of an intertidal estuarine fouling assemblage. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 184:217–236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Andersson MH, Berggren M, Wilhelmsson D, Öhman MC (2009) Epibenthic colonization of concrete and steel pilings in a cold-temperate embayment: a field experiment. Helgol Mar Res 63:249–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bamber RN (1990) A new species of Zeuxo (Crustacea: Tanaidacea) from the French Atlantic coast. J Nat Hist 24:1587–1596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Connell JH, Slatyer RO (1977) Mechanisms of succession in natural communities and their role in community stability and organization’. Am Nat 111:1119–1144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cuadrado H, Sebaibi N, Boutouil M, Boudart B (2014) Physical properties and mechanical behavior of concrete made with crushed queen scallop shells. In: Proceedings of the international symposium on environmentally friendly concrete—ECO-Crete, 13–15 August 2014, Reykjavik (Iceland), p 21–28Google Scholar
  6. Cuadrado H, Sebaibi N, Boutouil M, Boudart B (2015) Properties of concretes incorporating crushed queen scallops for artificial reefs. In: Proceedings of congress on artificial reefs: from materials to ecosystems, Caen, France, p 9–18Google Scholar
  7. De Muynck W, Maury-Ramirez A, De Belie N, Verstraete W (2009) Evaluation of strategies to prevent algal fouling on white architectural and cellular concrete. Int Biodeterio Biodegradat 63:679–689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Drury WH, Nisbet ICT (1973) Succession. J Arnold Arbor 54:331–368Google Scholar
  9. Figley B (2003) Marine life colonization of experimental reef habitat in temperate ocean waters of New Jersey. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Division of Fish and Wildlife Report, 64 pGoogle Scholar
  10. Fletcher RL (1988) Brief review of the role of marine algae in biodeterioration. Int Biodeterio Biodegradat 24:141–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Foveau A, Dauvin JC, Rusig AM, Mussio I, Claquin P (2015) Colonisation à court terme par le benthos sur un éco-récif artificiel. In: Proceedings of congress on artificial reefs: from materials to ecosystems, Caen, France, p 119–126Google Scholar
  12. Guillitte O (1995) Bioreceptivity: a new concept for building ecology studies. Sci Total Environ 167:215–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hatcher AM (1998) Epibenthic colonisation patterns on slabs of stabilized coal-waste in Pools Bay, UK. Hydrobiologia 367:153–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hughes P, Fairhurst D, Sherrington I, Renevier N, Morton LHG, Robery PC, Cunningham L (2013) Microscopic examination of a new mechanism for accelerated degradation of synthetic fibre reinforced marine concrete. Construct Build Mater 41:498–504CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lemire M, Bourget E (1996) Substratum heterogeneity and complexity influence micro-habitat selection of Balanus sp. and Tubularia crocea larvae. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 135:77–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Miller AZ, Sanmartin P, Pareira-Pardo L, Dionisio A, Saiz-Jimenez C, Macedo MF, Prieto B (2012) Bioreceptivity of building stones: a review. Sci Total Environ 426:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Moreau S, Péroni C, Pitt KA, Connolly RM, Lee SY, Meziane T (2008) Opportunistic predation by small fish on epibiota of jetty pilings in urban waterways. J Fish Biol 72:205–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mullineaux LS, Butman CA (1991) Initial contact, exploration, and attachment of barnacle (Balanus amphitrite) cyprids settling in flow. Mar Biol 110:93–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mullineaux LS, Garland ED (1993) Larval recruitment in response to manipulative field flows. Mar Biol 116:667–683CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Paalvast P (2015) The role of geometric structure and texture on concrete for algal and macrofaunal colonization in marine and estuarine intertidal zone. In: Proceedings of congress on artificial reefs: from materials to ecosystems, Caen, France, p 77–84Google Scholar
  21. Perkol-Finkel S, Shashar N, Benayahu Y (2006) Can artificial reefs mimic natural reef communities? The role of structural features and age. Mar Environ Res 61:121–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Petersen JK, Malm T (2006) Offshore windmill farms: threats to or possibilities for the marine environment. Ambio 35:75–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pickett STA (1976) Succession: an evolutionary interpretation. Am Nat 110:102–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Svensson JR, Lindegarth M, Siccha M, Lentz M, Molis M, Wahl M, Pavia H (2007) Maximum species richness at intermediate frequencies of disturbance: consistency among level of productivity. Ecology 88:830–838CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NormandieUniv – UNICAEN, Laboratoire Morphodynamique Continentale et CôtièreCaenFrance
  2. 2.CREC, Station Marine de l’Université de Caen NormandieLuc-Sur-MerFrance
  3. 3.Ifremer Laboratoire Environnement Ressources Bretagne NordDinardFrance

Personalised recommendations