Perusing the Minds Behind Scientific Discoveries

  • Syamal K. SenEmail author
  • Ravi P. Agarwal
Part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC, volume 179)


All knowledge exists in one’s mind and not outside. One needs to do knowledge mining within one’s own mind to get at the information being sought. A scientist brings to us the information viz. the scientific knowledge. Over millennia the scientists apparently painstakingly have brought forth for humanity their creations. Their creations have contributed to lift the civilization to such a height that we could not have imagined a few decades ago. The mining goes on and will continue as long as the civilization remains alive. We have read the amazing scientific creations of these revered legends. Now we are reading them—their nature, characters, and lastly how their minds had worked in their quest for scientific truth in both adverse and conducive environments. This study, we believe, will immensely influence the young minds having great respect for these memorable selfless beings and emulate their virtues.


Consciousness Extraordinary living computers Infinity of pockets of mind Knowledge mining Limit of computation Newton of France Reading scientists Teenage giant 



We thank Springer for allowing us to borrow some parts of our previously published work. We have also requested Elsevier for the same and expect they will have no objection. Thanks are also due to the reviewers for their constructive suggestions.

Specifically we are indebted to Cristina Flaut, Editor in Chief, Analele Univ. “Ovidius” din Constanta, Math. Series, Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, Ovidius University, Bd. Mamaia 124, 900527, Constanta, Romania for her kind invitation to contribute a book-chapter and for her patient guidance whenever we faced a problem.

We have been immensely benefitted from several websites such as and from comments by Susanto Sen, Inventor and Senior Content Editor, TiVo, Bengaluru (Bangalore).


  1. Agarwal, R.P., Sen, S.K.: Creators of Mathematical and Computational Sciences. Springer, New York (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Andrews, G.E.: (2012) “The Discovery of Ramanujan’s Lost Noteboo” (PDF). The Legacy of Srinivasa Ramanujan: Proceedings of an International Conference in Celebration of the 125th Anniversary of Ramanuja’s Birth: University of Delhi: 17–22. Retrieved 29 June 2017Google Scholar
  3. Andrews, G., Berndt, B.C.: Ramanujan’s Lost Notebook. vol. 4, Springer (2013)Google Scholar
  4. Dedron, P., Itard, J.: Mathematics and Mathematicians, vols. 2. The Open University Press, Milton Keynes, England (1973)Google Scholar
  5. Dey, S.K.: Analysis of consciousness in Vedanta philosophy. Informatica 21(3), 405–419 (1997)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  6. Dutta, M.N.: (younger brother of Swami Vivekananda), Vivekananda Swamijir Jiboner Ghatanaboli (Bengali), Part 1 (Page 81), Mohendra Publishing Committee, 3rd edn., Kolkata (1965). (Bengali year 1372); (The English translation of the title is “Events in the life of Swami Vivekananda”first edition was published in 1938 i.e. Bengali year 1345)Google Scholar
  7. Hadamard, J.: An Essay on the Psychology of Invention in the Mathematical Field. Princeton University Press, Princeton (1945)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  8. Hall, A.R.: Philosophers at War: The Quarrel between Newton and Leibniz. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jacobson, R.: Memories may not live in Neuron’s synapses. Scientific American Mind, 1 April 2015Google Scholar
  10. Kanigel, R.: The Man Who Knew Infinity: A Life of the Genius Ramanujan. Washington Square Press, New York (1992)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  11. Lakshmikantham, V., Sen, S.K.: Computational Error and Complexity in Science and Engineering. Elsevier, Amsterdam (2005)Google Scholar
  12. Mathews, J.H., Fink, K.D.: Numerical Methods Using Matlab, 4th edn. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., Delhi (2014)Google Scholar
  13. Pandit, M.D: Mathematics as Known to the Vedic Samhitas (Sri Satguru Publications, New Delhi, 298, 1993) 299Google Scholar
  14. Sen, S.K., Agarwal, R.P.: Zero: A Landmark Discovery, the Dreadful Void, and the Ultimate Mind. Academic, New York (2016)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  15. Sen, S.K., Agarwal, R.P.: Pi, e, phi with Matlab: Random and Rational Sequences with Scope in Supercomputing Era. Cambridge Scientific Publishers, U.K. (2011)zbMATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GVP-Prof. V. Lakshmikantham Institute for Advanced StudiesGVP College of EngineeringVisakhapatnamIndia
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringGVP College of EngineeringVisakhapatnamIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mathematics TexasA & M University-KingsvilleKingsvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations