Advertisement

Semantics for Service-Oriented Architectures

  • Michael StollbergEmail author
  • Dieter Fensel
Chapter
Part of the Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing book series (AI&KP)

Abstract

The concept of Service-Oriented Architectures (SOA) is the latest design paradigm for IT systems. The aim is to use Web services as the basic building blocks, which provide reusable functionalities that are invokable over the Internet. The initial Web service technology stack around WSDL, SOAP, and UDDI enables the technical provision and usage of Web services. However, the support for the detection of the suitable Web services for a specific client application is limited to manual inspection. To better support this for SOA applications with the larger numbers of available Web services that can be expected in real-world scenarios, the emerging concept of Semantic Web services (SWS) develops inference-based techniques for the automated discovery, composition, and execution of Web services. This chapter provides an overview on the SWS approach as well as the latest technology developments.

Keywords

Assure Hull Argentina Aires Cabral 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The presented work has been supported by the European Commission under the projects SUPER (FP6-026850) and by the Austrian BMVIT/FFG under the FIT-IT project myOntology (Grant no. 812515/9284).

References

  1. 1.
    R. Akkiraju, J. Farrell, J. Miller, M. Nagarajan, M.-T. Schmidt, A. Sheth, and K. Verma. Web Service Semantics—WSDL-S. W3C Member Submission 7 November 2005, 2005.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. Albert, L. Henocque, and M. Kleiner. Configuration-Based Workflow Composition. In Proc of 3rd International Conference on Web Services (ICWS-05), Orlando, Florida, 2005.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    V. Alexiev, M. Breu, J. de Bruijn, D. Fensel, R. Lara, and H. Lausen. Information Integration with Ontologies. Wiley, West Sussex, UK, 2005.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. Allen. Service Orientation: Winning Strategies and Best Practices. Cambridge University Press, 2006.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. Alonso, F. Casati, H. Kuno, and V. Machiraju. Web Services: Concepts, Architectures and Applications. Data-Centric Systems and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2004.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Andrews, F. Curbera, H. Dholakia, Y. Goland, J. Klein, F. Leymann, K. Liu, D. Roller, D. Smith, S. Thatte, I. Trickovic, and S. Weerawarana. Business Process Execution Language for Web Services version 1.1. Specification, IBM, BEA Systems, Microsoft, SAP AG, Siebel Systems, May 2003.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. Battle, A. Bernstein, H. Boley, B. Grosof, M. Gruninger, R. Hull, M. Kifer, Martin. D., McIlraith. S., D. McGuinness, J. Su, and S. Tabet. Semantic Web Services Framework (SWSF). W3C Member Submission 9 September 2005, 2005.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    D. Berardi, D. Calvanese, G. De Giacomo, M. Lenzerini, and M. Mecella. Automatic Composition of e-Services that Export their Behavior. In Proc. of First Int. Conference on Service Oriented Computing (ICSOC), 2003.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    T. Berners-Lee, J. Hendler, and O. Lassila. The Semantic Web. A new form of Web content that is meaningful to computers will uleash a revolution of new possibilities. Scientific American, 284(5):34–43, May 2001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    P. Bertoli, J. Hoffmann, F. Lecue, and M. Pistore. Integrating Discovery and Automated Composition: from Semantic Requirements to Executable Code. In Proc. of the IEEE 2007 International Conference on Web Services (ICWS’07), Salt Lake City, USA, 2007.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. Booth and C. K. Liu. Web Services Description Language (WSDL) Version 2.0 Part 0: Primer. Recommendation 26 June 2007, W3C, 2007.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Brodie, C. Bussler, J. de Brujin, T. Fahringer, D. Fensel, M. Hepp, H. Lausen, D. Roman, T. Strang, H. Werthner, and M. Zaremba. Semantically Enabled ServiceOriented Architectures: A Manifesto and a Paradigm Shift in Computer Science. Technical Report TR-2005-12-26, DERI, 2005.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    C. Bussler. B2B Integration: Concepts and Architecture. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    L. Cabral, J. Domingue, S. Galizia, A. Gugliotta, B. Norton, V. Tanasescu, and C. Pedrinaci. IRS-III—A Broker for Semantic Web Services based Applications. In Proc. of the 5th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2006), Athens(GA), USA, 2006.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. Cardoso and A. Sheth. Semantic Web Services, Processes and Applications. Semantic Web and Beyond. Springer, 2006.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    E. Cimpian and A. Mocan. WSMX Process Mediation Based on Choreographies. In Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Web Service Choreography and Orchestration for Business Process Management at the BPM 2005, Nancy, France, 2005.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    E. Cimpian, A. Mocan, and M. Stollberg. Mediation Enabled SemanticWeb Services Usage. In Proc. of the 1st Asian Semantic Web Conference (ASWC 2006), Beijing, China, 2006.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    L. Clement, A. Hately, C. von Riegen, and T. (eds) Rogers. UDDI Version 3.0.2. UDDI Spec Technical Committee Draft, OASIS, 2004.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. Colucci, T. Di Noia, E. Di Sciascio, F. M. Donini, and M. Mongiello. Concept abduction and contraction for semantic-based discovery of matches and negotiation spaces in an e-marketplace. Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, 4:345–361, 2005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Davis, R. Studer, and P. Warren. Semantic Web Technology. Trends and Research in Ontology-based System. Wiley & Sons, 2006.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    J. de Bruijn. Logics for the Semantic Web. In J. Cardoses, editor, Semantic Web: Theory, Tools and Applications. Idea Publishing Group, 2006.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. de Bruijn, H. Lausen, R. Krummenacher, A. Polleres, L. Predoiu, M. Kifer, and D. Fensel. The Web Service Modeling Language WSML. Deliverable D16.1 final draft 05 Oct 2005, WSML Working Group, 2005.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    P. de Leenheer and T. Mens. Ontology Evolution: State of the Art and Future Directions. In M. Hepp, P. De Leenheer, A. de Moor, and Y. Sure, editors, Ontology Management. Springer, 2006.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. Domingue, L. Cabral, S. Galizia, V. Tanasescu, A. Gugliotta, B. Norton, and C. Pedrinaci. IRS-III: A Broker-based Approach to Semantic Web Services. Journal of Web Semantics, 2008.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    T. Erl. Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA). Concepts, Technology, and Design. Prentice Hall PTR, 2005.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    J. Farrell and H. Lausen. Semantic Annotations for WSDL and XML Schema. W3C Recommendation 28 August 2007, 2007.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    D. Fensel. Ontologies: A Silver Bullet for Knowledge Management and E-Commerce. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2 edition, 2003.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    D. Fensel and C. Bussler. The Web Service Modeling Framework WSMF. Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, 1(2), 2002.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    D. Fensel, H. Lausen, A. Polleres, J. de Bruijn, M. Stollberg, D. Roman, and J. Domigue. Enabling Semantic Web Services. The Web Service Modeling Ontology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    A. Goméz-Peréz, O. Corcho, and M. Fernandez-Lopez. Ontological Engineering. With Examples from the Areas of Knowledge Management, E-Commerce and Semantic Web. Series of Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2003.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Thomas R. Gruber. A Translation Approach to Portable Ontology Specifications. Knowledge Acquisition, 5:199–220, 1993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    M. Gruninger and C. Menzel. The Process Specification Language (PSL) Theory and Applications. AI Magazine, 24(3):63–74, 2003.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    A. Haller, E. Cimpian, A. Mocan, E. Oren, and C. Bussler. WSMX—A Semantic Service-Oriented Architecture. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Web Service (ICWS 2005), Orlando, Florida, 2005.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    A. Harth and S. Decker. Optimized Index Structures for Querying RDF from the Web. In Proc. of 3rd Latin American Web Congress, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Oct 31–Nov, 2005.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    M. Hepp, P. de Leenheer, A. de Moor, and Y. Sure. Ontology Management. Semantic Web, Semantic Web Services, and Business Applications. Semantic Web and Beyond. Springer, 2007.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    J. Hoffmann, P. Bertoli, and M. Pistore. Service Composition as Planning, Revisited: In Between Background Theories and Initial State Uncertainty. In Proc. of the 22nd National Conference of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence (AAAI’07), Vancouver, Canada, 2007.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    U. Keller, R. Lara, H. Lausen, and D. Fensel. Semantic Web Service Discovery in the WSMO Framework. In J. Cardoses, editor, Semantic Web: Theory, Tools and Applications. Idea Publishing Group, 2006.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    M. Klusch, B. Fries, and K. Sycara. Automated Semantic Web Service Discovery with OWLS-MX. In Proc. of the 5th International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2006), Hakodate, Japan, May 8–12, 2006.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    J. Kopecký, D. Roman, M. Moran, and D. Fensel. Semantic Web Services Grounding. In Proc. of the International Conference on Internet and Web Applications and Services (ICIW’06), Guadeloupe, French Caribbean, 2006.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Jacek Kopecky. Semantic Annotations for WSDL and XML Schema. Talk at W3C track in the WWW 2007 Conference, Banff, Canada, 2007.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    L. Lara, D. Roman, A. Polleres, and D. Fensel. A Conceptual Comparison of WSMO and OWL-S. In Proc. of the European Conference on Web Services (ECOWS 2004), Erfurt, Germany, 2004.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    H. Lausen, A. Polleres, and D. Roman (eds.). Web Service Modeling Ontology (WSMO). W3C Member Submission 3 June 2005.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    L. Li and I. Horrocks. A Software Fframework for Matchmaking based on Semantic Web Technology. In Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on the World Wide Web, Budapest, Hungary, 2003.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    F. Manola and E. Miller. SPARQL Query Language for RDF. W3C Candidate Recommendation 14 June 2007.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    E. A. Marks and M. Bell. Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA): A Planning and Implementation Guide for Business and Technology. Wiley, 2006.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    A. Martens. On Compatibility of Web Services. Petri Net Newletter, 65:12–20, 2003.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    D. Martin. OWL-S: Semantic Markup for Web Services. W3C Member Submission 22 November 2004.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    D. Martin, M. Paolucci, and M. Wagner. Towards Semantic Annotations of Web Services: OWL-S from the SAWSDL Perspective. In Proc. of the ESWC 2007 workshop OWL-S: Experiences and Directions, Innsbruck, Austria, 2007.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    D. McGuinness and F. van Harmelen. OWL Web Ontology Language—Overview. W3C Recommendation 10 February 2004.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    S. McIlraith, T. Cao Son, and H. Zeng. Semantic Web Services. IEEE Intelligent Systems, Special Issue on the Semantic Web, 16(2):46–53, 2001.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    S. McIlraith and T. C. Son. Adapting Golog for Composition of Semantic Web Services. In roc. of the 8th International Conference on Knowledge Representation and Reasoning (KR’02), Toulouse, France, 2002.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    N. Mitra and Y. Lafon. SOAP Version 1.2 Part 0: Primer (Second Edition). Recommendation 27 April 2007, W3C, 2007.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    A. Mocan and E. Cimpian. An Ontology-based Data Mediation Framework for Semantic Environments. International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems (IJSWIS), 3(2):66–95, April–June 2007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    B. Motik, R. Shearer, and I. Horrocks. Optimized Reasoning in Description Logics using Hypertableaux. In Proc. of the 21st Conference on Automated Deduction (CADE-21), Bremen, Germany, July 17–20, 2007.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    T. Di Noia, E. Di Sciascio, F. Donini, and M. Mongiello. A System for Principled Matchmaking in an Electronic Marketplace. In Proc. of the 12th International Conference on the World Wide Web (WWW’03), Budapest, Hungary, 2003.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    B. Norton and A. Mocan. Reference Model for Semantic Service Oriented Architecture. Working Draft, 21 March 2007, OASIS, 2007.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    N. Noy. Semantic Integration: a Survey of Ontology-based Approaches. ACM SIGMOD Record, 33(4):65–70, 2004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    D. Olmedilla, R. Lara, A. Polleres, and H. Lausen. Trust Negotiation for Semantic Web Services. In Proc. of the 1st International Workshop on Semantic Web Services and Web Process Composition at the ICWS 2004, SanDiego, California (USA), 2004.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    M. Paolucci, A. Ankolekar, N. Srinivasan, and K. Sycara. The DAML-S Virtual Machine. In Proc. of the 2nd International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC), Sandial Island, Florida, 2003.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    M. Paolucci, T. Kawamura, T. Payne, and K. Sycara. Semantic Matching of Web Services Capabilities. In Proc. of the 1st International Semantic Web Conference, Sardinia, Italy, 2002.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    C. Preist. A Conceptual Architecture for Semantic Web Services. In Proc. of the 2nd International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2004), 2004.Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    N. Srinivasan, M. Paolucci, and K. Sycara. CODE: A Development Environment for OWL-S Web services. In Demonstration at 3rd International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2004), Hiroshima, Japan., 2004.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    M. Stollberg, E. Cimpian, A. Mocan, and D. Fensel. A Semantic Web Mediation Architecture. In Proceedings of the 1st Canadian Semantic Web Working Symposium (CSWWS 2006), Quebec, Canada, 2006.Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    M. Stollberg, M. Hepp, and J. Hoffmann. A Caching Mechanism for Semantic Web Service Discovery. In Proc. of the 6th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2007), Busan, South Korea, 2007.Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    M. Stollberg and B. Norton. A Refined Goal Model for Semantic Web Services. In Proc. of the 2nd International Conference on Internet and Web Applications and Services (ICIW 2007), Mauritius, 2007.Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    R. Studer, S. Grimm, and A. Abecker. Semantic Web Services. Concepts, Technologies, and Applications. Springer, 2007.Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    P. Traverso and M. Pistore. Automatic Composition of Semantic Web Services into Executable Processes. In Proc. of the 3rd International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2004), Hiroshima, Japan, 2004.Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    K. Verma, K. Sivashanmugam, A. Sheth, A. Patil, S. Oundhakar, and J. Miller. METEOR-S WSDI: A Scalable P2P Infrastructure of Registries for Semantic Publication and Discovery of Web Services. Journal of Information Technology and Management, 6(1):17–39, 2005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    T. Vitvar, M. Zaremba, and M. Moran. Dynamic Service Discovery through Meta-Interactions with Service Providers. In Proc. of the 4th European Semantic Web Conference (ESWC 2007), Innsbruck, Austria, 2007.Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    L.-H. Vu, M. Hauswirth, and K. Aberer. QoS-Based Service Selection and Ranking with Trust and Reputation Management. In Proc. of the OTM Confederated International Conferences CoopIS, DOA, and ODBASE 2005, Cyprus, pages 466–483, 2005.Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    X. Wang, T. Vitvar, M. Kerrigan, and I. Toma. A QoS-aware Selection Model for Semantic Web Services. In Proc. of the 4th International Conference on Service Oriented Computing (ICSOC), December, 2006, Chicago, USA, 2006.Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    S. Weerawarana, F. Curbera, F. Leymann, T. Storey, and D. F. Ferguson. Web Services Platform Architecture: SOAP, WSDL, WS-Policy, WS-Addressing, WS-BPEL, WS-Reliable Messaging, and More. Prentice Hall PTR, 2005.Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    D. Wu, B. Parsia, Sirin E., J. Hendler, and D. Nau. Automating DAML-S Web Services Composition Using SHOP2. In Proceedings of 2nd International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2003), Sanibel Island, Florida, 2003.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SAP Research CEC DresdenSAP AGDresdenGermany
  2. 2.Semantic Technology Institute (STI)University of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria

Personalised recommendations