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Pneumonia

  • Richard Leach
Chapter
Part of the Competency-Based Critical Care book series (CBCC)

Abstract

Despite antibiotic therapy, pneumonia remains a significant worldwide cause of morbidity and mortality. The term pneumonia covers several distinct clinical entities, and correct classification is vital as the aetiology, infective organism, antibiotic management and outcome are determined by how and where pneumonia was contracted. Early recog-nition and appropriate treatment improve outcome. Critical care physicians must be familiar with all aspects of pneumonia, as they will be expected to advise on and manage severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and opportunistic pneumonias in immuno-compromised patients in the wards, high depend-ency units (HDUs) and intensive care units (ICUs). Differences in the recently published antibiotic guidelines between the British and American Tho-racic Societies are highlighted in this chapter.

Keywords

Antibiotic Therapy Lower Respiratory Tract Infection Initial Antibiotic Therapy Rapid Antigen Detection Test Structural Lung Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    BTS Guidelines for the management of community acquired pneumonia in adults. Thorax. 2001;56 (Suppl 4):1–68.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    American Thoracic Society: Guidelines for the management of adults with community-acquired pneu-monia; diagnosis, assessment of severity, microbial therapy and prevention. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2001;163:1730–1754.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    BTS Guidelines for the management of community acquired pneumonia in adults — 2004 update. Accessed April 30, 2004. www.brit-thorack.org.uk
  4. 4.
    American Thoracic Society: Guidelines for the management of adults with hospital-acquired, ventilator-associated, and healthcare-associated pneumonia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2005;171:388–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. Tarsia, S. Aliberti, R. Cosentini, F. Blasi. Hospital-acquired pneumonia. Breathe. 2005;1:297–301.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Leach
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Critical CareSt Thomas' HospitalLondonUK

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