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Laparoscopic Renal Cyst Decortication

  • Joshua M. Stern
  • Ilia S. Zeltser
  • Yair Lotan
  • Jeffrey A. Cadeddu
Part of the Current Clinical Urology book series (CCU)

Abstract

Renal cysts are the most common renal masses and occur in up to 50% of individuals over the age of 50 years (1,2). Although renal cysts may be either congenital or acquired, most are simple, asymptomatic, and of unknown etiology. Intervention is needed when cysts are determined to be complex by radiographic criteria or when they are associated with pain, infection, hemorrhage, or urinary obstruction. Some congenital diseases such as autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), the most common form of renal cystic disease in the United States, are commonly associated with symptomatic cysts (3). Other cystic diseases such as von-Hippel-Lindau (VHL), tuberous sclerosis, multilocular cystic nephroma, and acquired cystic disease have a predisposition toward malignant degeneration. The need for intervention in some cases of symptomatic or suspicious cysts has led to the development of less invasive strategies for renal cyst management (4). This chapter will discuss the role of laparoscopy in evaluation and management of renal cysts.

Keywords

Cyst Wall Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease Renal Cyst Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma Retroperitoneal Approach 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Humana Press, a part of Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, a part of Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joshua M. Stern
    • 1
  • Ilia S. Zeltser
    • 2
  • Yair Lotan
    • 3
  • Jeffrey A. Cadeddu
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Minimally Invasive Urologic Cancer Treatment, Department of UrologyUniversity of Texas, Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA
  2. 2.Jefferson UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of UrologyUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA

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